424B3

Filed Pursuant to Rule 424(b)(3)

Registration No. 333-268616

PROSPECTUS SUPPLEMENT NO. 2

(to Prospectus dated May 4, 2024)

 

https://cdn.kscope.io/2e24225dec53b03c1f4be25b876f465d-img51394651_0.jpg 

 

MSP Recovery, Inc. d/b/a LifeWallet

5,638,092 Shares of Class A Common Stock

This prospectus supplement no. 2 amends and supplements the prospectus dated May 4 2024 (as supplemented or amended from time to time, the “Prospectus”), which forms a part of our Registration Statement on Form S-1 (No. 333-268616). This prospectus supplement is being filed to update and supplement the information in the Prospectus with the information contained in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ending March 31, 2024, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on May 15, 2024 (the “Quarterly Report”). Accordingly, we have attached the Quarterly Report to this prospectus supplement.

This prospectus relates to the offer and sale from time to time by the selling securityholders named in this prospectus (the “Selling Securityholders”), or their permitted transferees, of up to 5,638,092 shares of our Class A Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per share, held by the Selling Securityholders (the “Total Resale Shares”), including up to 2,666,667 shares of our Class A Common Stock issuable upon exercise of the Class A Common Stock Underlying Warrant (the “CPIA Warrant”) pursuant to an Amendment to the Claim Proceeds Investment Agreement (the “Amendment”) and a Warrant Agreement (the “Warrant Agreement”) with Brickell Key Investments LP (the “CPIA Holder”). As the exercise price of the CPIA Warrant is only $0.0025 per share, should the CPIA Holder exercise the CPIA Warrant, we would only receive nominal proceeds therefrom.

Our Common Stock, Public Warrants and New Warrants are listed on Nasdaq under the symbols “LIFW,” “LIFWZ,” and “LIFWW.” On May 14, 2024, the closing price of Common Stock was $0.8091 per share, the closing price of our Public Warrants was $0.0511 per warrant and the closing price of our New Warrants was $0.0040 per warrant.

Investing in our securities involves risks. Before you invest in our securities, please carefully read the information provided in the “Risk Factors” section beginning on page 9 of the Prospectus and any in any applicable prospectus supplement, and Item IA of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2023, filed with the SEC on April 15, 2024.

Neither the SEC nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of the securities to be issued under the Prospectus or determined if the Prospectus or this prospectus supplement is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

The date of this prospectus supplement is May 15, 2024.

 



 


 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, DC 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2024

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from to

Commission File Number: 001-39445

 

MSP Recovery, Inc.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

 

 

Delaware

84-4117825

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

2710 Le Jeune Road

Floor 10

Coral Gables, Florida

33134

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (305) 614-2222

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Trading

Symbol(s)

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Class A common stock, $0.0001 par value per share

 

LIFW

 

The Nasdaq Global Market

Redeemable warrants, each lot of 25 warrants is exercisable for one share of Class A common stock at an exercise price of $287.50 per share

 

LIFWW

 

The Nasdaq Global Market

Redeemable warrants, each lot of 25 warrants is exercisable for one share of Class A common stock at an exercise price of $0.0025 per share

 

LIFWZ

 

The Nasdaq Global Market

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No

As of May 10, 2024, the registrant had 16,183,356 shares of Class A common stock, $0.0001 par value per share, and 124,067,498 shares of Class V common stock, $0.0001 par value per share, outstanding.

 

 


 

 

 


 

Table of Contents

 

Page

PART I.

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

5

Item 1.

Financial Statements (Unaudited)

5

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023

5

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023

6

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023

7

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023

8

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

9

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

31

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

46

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

46

PART II.

OTHER INFORMATION

47

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

47

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

48

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

48

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

48

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

48

Item 5.

Other Information

48

Item 6.

Exhibits

49

Signatures

50

 

 


 

DEFINITIONS

 

Unless otherwise stated or unless the context otherwise requires, the terms “we,” “us,” “our,” the “Company,” and “LifeWallet” refer to MSP Recovery, Inc. d/b/a LifeWallet. As used in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, unless otherwise noted or the context otherwise requires, the terms below are defined as follows:

2023 Form 10-K” means the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023, which was filed by the Company on April 15, 2024;

Algorithm” refers to a set of instructions that perform a particular action. Our team of data scientists and medical professionals create proprietary instruction sets, or “Algorithms,” to identify recovery opportunities within the data sets of our Assignors’ Claims. Our proprietary algorithms incorporate various data points within the data sets of our Assignors’ Claims, which may include, but are not limited to, medical coding classification systems such as diagnosis codes (e.g., ICD-8/ICD-9/ICD-10 codes), procedure codes (e.g., CPT codes), and drug codes (e.g., NDC codes); non-medical data such as demographics and date ranges; and data from public sources such as crash reports, offense incident reports, and other reports that provide details as to an occurrence. These Algorithms are then applied to our Assignors’ aggregated Claims data, filtering through the billions of lines of data from our Assignors to identify recoverable opportunities consistent with a given Algorithm’s criteria. Identified potential recoveries are then further quality reviewed by our medical team;

Amended and Restated Bylaws” means the Amended and Restated Bylaws of the Company;

Assignor” means a healthcare payer, provider, or other entity that irrevocably assigned Claims to the Company or a subsidiary thereof;

ASC” means Accounting Standards Codification;

Billed Amount” (a/k/a the charged amount or retail price) is the full commercial value of services billed by the provider, or the full charge that the provider would ordinarily bill for the service provided. The Billed Amount for a specific procedure code is based on the provider and may vary from location to location. Where a Billed Amount is not provided in the data received from the Assignor, the Company uses paid amount or paid adjusted values, where available, to extrapolate an approximate Billed Amount value. Where we have to extrapolate a Billed Amount to establish damages, the calculated amount may be contested by opposing parties.

Board of Directors” or “Board” means the board of directors of the Company;

Business Combination” means the transactions consummated on May 23, 2022 pursuant to the MIPA (as defined below), as described in more detail in Note 3, Business Combination, to the condensed consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report;

CCRA” means Claims Cost Recovery Agreement, those agreements pursuant to which Claims are irrevocably assigned to the Company or affiliated entities;

CF” means Cantor Fitzgerald, L.P.

Claim” means the right, title to, and/or interest in, any and all claims or potential claims, including all related reimbursement and recovery rights, which the Company has, may have had, or may have in the future assigned to it (whether or not asserted), including all rights to causes of action and remedies against any third-party, whether a primary payer or responsible party, at law or in equity. The term “Claim” typically includes but is not limited to: (i) claims arising under consumer protection statutes and laws; (ii) claims arising under the Medicare and Medicare Advantage secondary payer statutes, whether based in contract, tort, statutory right, or otherwise, in connection with the payment to provide healthcare services or supplies; (iii) claims arising under any state statutes and common laws irrespective of the rights that are conferred to the Company through assignment or otherwise; and (iv) all right, title, and interest to any recovery rights that may exist for any potential cause of action where a responsible party or primary payer is liable, even where it has not been established because liability is not yet proven as of the date that the Claim is identified or discovered, together with all receivables, general intangibles, payment intangibles, and other rights to payment now existing or hereafter arising and all products and proceeds of the foregoing;

Class A Common Stock” means the shares of the Company’s Class A common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, as described in more detail in Note 3, Business Combination, to the condensed consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report;

Class B Unit” means the non-voting economic Class B Units of Opco, as described in more detail in Note 3, Business Combination, to the condensed consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report;

Class V Common Stock” means the shares of the Company’s Class V common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, as described in more detail in Note 3, Business Combination, to the condensed consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report;

i


 

Closing” means the closing of the Business Combination, as described in more detail in Note 3, Business Combination, to the condensed consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report;

Closing Date” means May 23, 2022, the closing date of the Business Combination, as described in more detail in Note 3, Business Combination, to the condensed consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report;

Code” means the U.S. Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended;

Common Stock” means shares of the Company’s Class A Common Stock and Class V Common Stock;

Company” means MSP Recovery, Inc. d/b/a LifeWallet, a Delaware corporation;

CPIA Warrant” means that warrant agreement dated September 30, 2022, whereby the Company granted to Brickell Key Investments, LP (“BKI”) the right to purchase 2,666,667 shares of Class A Common Stock for the purchase price of $0.0025 per share.

DGCL” means the Delaware General Corporation Law, as may be amended from time to time;

Exchange Act” means the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended;

Existing Warrant Agreement” means the Warrant Agreement dated as of August 13, 2020, by and between the Company and Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company;

Founder Shares” means the shares of the Class B Common Stock and the shares of Class A Common Stock issued upon the automatic conversion of the Class B Common Stock at the time of the Business Combination as provided in the existing Charter;

GAAP” or “U.S. GAAP” means generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, as applied on a consistent basis;

HMO” means health maintenance organization;

Hazel” means Hazel Holdings I LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, together with its affiliates;

HPH” means Hazel Partners Holdings, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company;

IPO” means the August 14, 2020 initial public offering by Lionheart Acquisition Company II, Inc.;

Incentive Plan” means the MSP Recovery Omnibus Incentive Plan effective May 18, 2022, a copy of which is filed as an Exhibit 10.16 to our Form S-1 Registration Statement filed on November 30, 2022;

Initial Stockholders” means holders of the Founder Shares prior to the Business Combination;

IPA” means Independent Physician Association;

Law Firm” means La Ley con John H. Ruiz P.A. d/b/a MSP Recovery Law Firm and MSP Law Firm PLLC;

Legacy MSP” means MSP Recovery as it was organized in 2014 as a Medicaid and Medicare Secondary Pay Act recovery specialist;

LCAP” means Lionheart Acquisition Corporation II, the Company prior to the Closing;

LCAP Board” means the board of directors of the Company prior to the Closing;

LLC Agreement” means the first amended and restated limited liability company agreement of Opco;

MAO” means Medicare Advantage organization;

Members” means members of the MSP Purchased Companies, as defined in the MIPA (as defined below);

Members’ Representative” means John H. Ruiz, solely in his capacity as the representative of the Members;

MIPA” means the Membership Interest Purchase Agreement, dated as of July 11, 2021, as described in more detail in Note 3, Business Combination, to the condensed consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report;

MSO” means Management Service Organization;

MSP Act” means Medicare Secondary Payer Act;

MSP Laws” means the MSP Act and associated federal regulations;

MSP Principals” means the Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, John H. Ruiz, and the Director and Chief Legal Officer, Frank C. Quesada;

MSP Recovery” means MSP Recovery, LLC, a Florida limited liability company;

MSP RH Series 01” means MSP Recovery Holdings Series 01, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company;

ii


 

MSP RH Series 01 Recovery Services Agreement” means the Recovery Services Agreement dated as of October 23, 2020 by and between MSP RH Series 01 and MSP Recovery;

New Warrants” means approximately 1,029,000,000 warrants, each exercisable to purchase 1/25 of one share of Class A Common Stock (but only exercisable in lots of 25 to purchase whole shares), which were issued as a dividend to the holders of record of Class A Common Stock as of the close of business on the date of Closing;

Nomura” means Nomura Securities International, Inc.;

Nomura Note” refers to the promissory note issued to Nomura on May 27, 2022, as amended and restated from time to time.

Opco” means Lionheart II Holdings, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company;

Paid Amount” (a/k/a Medicare Paid Rate or wholesale price) means the amount paid to the provider from the health plan or insurer. This amount varies based on the party making payment. For example, Medicare typically pays a lower fee for service rate than commercial insurers. The Paid Amount is derived from the Claims data we receive from our Assignors. In the limited instances where the data received lacks a paid value, our team calculates the Paid Amount with a formula. The formula used provides rates for outpatient services and is derived from the customary rate at the 95th percentile as it appears from standard industry commercial rates or, where that data is unavailable, the billed amount if present in the data. These amounts are then adjusted to account for the customary Medicare adjustment to arrive at the calculated Paid Amount. Management believes that this formula provides a conservative estimate for the Medicare paid amount rate, based on industry studies which show the range of differences between private insurers and Medicare rates for outpatient services. We periodically update this formula to enhance the calculated paid amount where that information is not provided in the data received from our Assignors. Management believes this measure provides a useful baseline for potential recoveries, but it is not a measure of the total amount that may be recovered in respect of potentially recoverable Claims, which in turn may be influenced by any applicable potential statutory recoveries such as double damages or fines, as described below. This calculation accounts for an approximate 6.58% increase in the total Paid Amount. Where we have to extrapolate a Paid Amount to establish damages, the calculated amount may be contested by opposing parties;

Public Shares” means shares of Class A Common Stock included in the Public Units issued in the IPO or issued post IPO (whether they were purchased in the IPO or thereafter in the open market);

Public Units” means units comprised of one share of Class A Common Stock and one-half of one Public Warrant issued in the IPO;

Public Warrants” means warrants exercisable on a cashless basis only to purchase 1/25 of one share of Class A Common Stock (but only exercisable in lots of 25 to purchase whole shares), in accordance with its terms, as described in more detail in Note 3, Business Combination, to the condensed consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report;

PVPRC” means the cumulative Paid Amount value of potentially recoverable Claims. We analyze our Claims portfolio and identify potentially recoverable Claims using Algorithms. PVPRC is a measure of the Paid Amount in respect of those potentially recoverable Claims. In the limited instances where the data received from our Assignors lacks a paid value, the adjustment formula described in the definition of Paid Amount is applied and increases PVPRC by approximately 6.04%;

Public Stockholders” means the holders of the Public Shares, including the Sponsor (as defined below) and the Company’s management team to the extent the Sponsor and/or members of the Company’s management team purchase Public Shares; provided, that the Sponsor’s and each member of the management team’s status as a “Public Stockholder” will only exist with respect to such Public Shares;

Recovery Proceeds” means, with respect to any Claim, any and all gross proceeds recovered, including compensation, interest, penalties, and fees which may be paid or payable with respect to such Claim (including any and all cash, securities, instruments or other property which may be paid or issued by defendants or third parties in litigation proceedings in satisfaction of such Claim);

Restricted Stockholders” means Nomura, the Members, the Sponsor, and certain directors and officers of the Company;

SEC” means the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission;

Securities Act” means the Securities Act of 1933, as amended;

Series” means series of Delaware series limited liability companies, formed pursuant to the Delaware law, that are used by the Company to own and segregate assets, including CCRAs;

Series MRCS” means Series MRCS, a series of MDA, Series LLC, a Delaware series limited liability company;

Sponsor” means Lionheart Equities, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company;

Subrogation Holdings” means Subrogation Holdings, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company;

iii


 

Trust Account” means the trust account established by the Company for the benefit of its stockholders with Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company;

Up-C Unit” means each pair consisting of one share of Class V Common Stock and one Class B Unit, as described in more detail in Note 3, Business Combination, to the condensed consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report;

Virage” means Virage Capital Management LP, a Delaware limited partnership;

Voting Rights Threshold Date” means the date on which the voting power of John H. Ruiz and his affiliates represent less than fifty percent (50%) of the voting power of all of the then outstanding shares of the Company generally entitled to vote;

VRM” means Virage Recovery Master LP, a Delaware limited partnership and affiliate of Virage;

VRM MSP” means VRM MSP Recovery Partners LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and joint investment vehicle of VRM, Series MRCS, and MSP Recovery;

VRM Warrants” refers to those warrant agreements issued pursuant the Virage MTA Amendment (as defined herein), including an initial warrant (the “Initial Virage Warrant”) and monthly warrants (the “Monthly Virage Warrants”), to purchase Class A Common Stock at $0.0001 per share, each of which will expire two years from the date of issuance.

The Initial Virage Warrant, as amended, was issued effective January 1, 2024 in an amount equal to the quotient of 1% of each calendar month end balance of the Unpaid Base Amount (calculated on a cumulative basis) and the VWAP of a share of Class A Common Stock for the five-day period prior to the issuance, beginning with May 24, 2023 and ending December 31, 2023, thus entitling Virage to purchase 28,298,329 shares of Class A Common Stock, with an expiration date of January 1, 2026.

The Monthly Virage Warrants may be issued each calendar month, beginning with January 31, 2024 until the obligations to Virage are paid in full, in an amount equal to the quotient of 1.0% of each calendar month-end balance (which month-end balance shall be increased daily up to 20% per annum based on a formula set forth in the Virage MTA Amendment) of the amount owing to Virage as of each preceding calendar month end and the volume weighted average price of a share of our Class A Common Stock. Until our obligations to Virage are paid in full, the Company has the option every month to pay Virage in one or a combination of: (a) cash, in an amount equal to 1.0% of each calendar month-end balance (which month-end balance shall be increased daily up to 20% per annum based on a formula set forth in the Virage MTA Amendment) of the amount owing to Virage as of each preceding calendar month end and/or (b) the issuance of subsequent Monthly Virage Warrants.

Working Capital Credit Facility” means the credit agreement as described in more detail in Note 10, Claims Financing Obligations and Notes Payable, to the condensed consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report;

Yorkville” means YA II PN, Ltd., a Cayman Islands exempt limited partnership fund managed by Yorkville Advisors Global, LP; and

Yorkville SEPA” means that certain Standby Equity Purchase Agreement by and among the Company and Yorkville, Dated November 14, 2023.

Unless specified otherwise, amounts in this Quarterly Report are presented in U.S. dollars.

Defined terms in the financial statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q have the meanings ascribed to them in the financial statements or our 2023 Form 10-K.

 

iv


Table of Contents

Part I – Financial Information

Item 1. Financial Statements

MSP RECOVERY, INC. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Unaudited)

 

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

(In thousands except per share amounts)

 

2024

 

 

2023

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash

 

$

11,973

 

 

$

11,633

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

 

 

 

217

 

Affiliate receivable (1)

 

 

1,242

 

 

 

1,188

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets (1)

 

 

6,018

 

 

 

8,908

 

Total current assets

 

 

19,233

 

 

 

21,946

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

4,886

 

 

 

4,911

 

Intangible assets, net (2)

 

 

3,011,882

 

 

 

3,132,796

 

Right-of-use assets

 

 

315

 

 

 

342

 

Total assets

 

$

3,036,316

 

 

$

3,159,995

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

11,507

 

 

$

6,244

 

Affiliate payable (1)

 

 

19,822

 

 

 

19,822

 

Commission payable

 

 

924

 

 

 

821

 

Derivative liability

 

 

190

 

 

 

37

 

Warrant liability (1)

 

 

33,316

 

 

 

268

 

Other current liabilities (1)

 

 

17,008

 

 

 

19,314

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

82,767

 

 

 

46,506

 

Guaranty obligation (1)

 

 

984,450

 

 

 

941,301

 

Claims financing obligation and notes payable (1)

 

 

575,021

 

 

 

548,276

 

Lease liabilities

 

 

204

 

 

 

235

 

Loan from related parties (1)

 

 

130,328

 

 

 

130,709

 

Interest payable (1)

 

 

20,047

 

 

 

73,839

 

Total liabilities

 

$

1,792,817

 

 

$

1,740,866

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 13)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit):

 

 

 

 

 

 

Class A common stock, $0.0001 par value; 5,500,000,000 shares authorized; 15,636,062 and 14,659,794 issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively

 

$

2

 

 

$

1

 

Class V common stock, $0.0001 par value; 3,250,000,000 shares authorized; 124,067,498 and 124,132,398 issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively

 

 

12

 

 

 

12

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

367,079

 

 

 

357,928

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(104,433

)

 

 

(85,551

)

Total Stockholders’ Equity

 

$

262,660

 

 

$

272,390

 

Non-controlling interest

 

 

980,839

 

 

 

1,146,739

 

Total equity

 

$

1,243,499

 

 

$

1,419,129

 

Total liabilities and equity

 

$

3,036,316

 

 

$

3,159,995

 

 

(1)
As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the total affiliate receivable, prepaid expenses, affiliate payable, warrant liability, other current liabilities, guaranty obligation and loan from related parties balances are with related parties. In addition, the prepaid expenses and other current assets, claims financing obligation and notes payable, and interest payable includes balances with related parties. See Note 15, Related Party Transactions, for further details.
(2)
As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, intangible assets, net included $2.1 billion and $2.2 billion, respectively, related to a consolidated VIE. See Note 9, Variable Interest Entities, for further details.

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

5


Table of Contents

MSP RECOVERY, INC. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

(Unaudited)

 

 

Three months ended March 31,

 

(In thousands except per share amounts)

 

2024

 

 

2023

 

Claims recovery income

 

$

6,001

 

 

$

3,497

 

Claims recovery service income

 

 

 

 

 

498

 

Total Claims Recovery

 

$

6,001

 

 

$

3,995

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of claim recoveries

 

 

1,673

 

 

 

1,021

 

Claims amortization expense

 

 

121,014

 

 

 

113,469

 

General and administrative (1)

 

 

5,566

 

 

 

6,855

 

Professional fees

 

 

4,420

 

 

 

9,728

 

Professional fees – legal (2)

 

 

3,467

 

 

 

8,551

 

Allowance for credit losses

 

 

 

 

 

5,000

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

67

 

 

 

9

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

136,207

 

 

 

144,633

 

Operating Loss

 

$

(130,206

)

 

$

(140,638

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense (3)

 

 

(97,953

)

 

 

(42,390

)

Other income (expense), net

 

 

252

 

 

 

6,627

 

Change in fair value of warrant and derivative liabilities

 

 

51,307

 

 

 

2,255

 

Net loss before provision for income taxes

 

$

(176,600

)

 

$

(174,146

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Provision for income tax expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(176,600

)

 

$

(174,146

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less: Net (income) loss attributable to non-controlling interests

 

 

157,718

 

 

 

169,230

 

Net loss attributable to MSP Recovery, Inc.

 

$

(18,882

)

 

$

(4,916

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and diluted weighted average shares outstanding, Class A Common Stock

 

 

15,013,881

 

 

 

3,544,381

 

Basic and diluted net income per share, Class A Common Stock

 

$

(1.26

)

 

$

(1.39

)

 

(1)
For the three months ended March 31, 2024 general and administrative expenses included $45.1 thousand of related party expenses. See Note 15, Related Party Transactions, for further details. No such related party expenses were present for the three months ended March 31, 2023.
(2)
For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, Professional Fees—legal included $3.0 million and $4.2 million, respectively, of related party expenses related to the Law Firm. See Note 15, Related Party Transactions, for further details.
(3)
For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, interest expense included $73.4 million and $37.1 million, respectively, related to interest expense due to VRM. See Note 15, Related Party Transactions, for further details.

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

6


Table of Contents

MSP RECOVERY, INC. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity

(Unaudited)

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2024

 

 

 

Class A Common Stock

 

 

Class V Stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(In thousands except shares)

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Additional
Paid-in Capital

 

 

Accumulated Deficit

 

 

Non-Controlling
Interests

 

 

Total Equity

 

Balance at December 31, 2023

 

 

14,659,794

 

 

$

1

 

 

 

124,132,398

 

 

$

12

 

 

$

357,928

 

 

$

(85,551

)

 

$

1,146,739

 

 

$

1,419,129

 

Class A Issuances

 

 

976,268

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

(64,900

)

 

 

 

 

 

9,151

 

 

 

 

 

 

(8,182

)

 

 

970

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(18,882

)

 

 

(157,718

)

 

 

(176,600

)

Balance at March 31, 2024

 

 

15,636,062

 

 

$

2

 

 

 

124,067,498

 

 

$

12

 

 

$

367,079

 

 

$

(104,433

)

 

$

980,839

 

 

$

1,243,499

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2023

 

 

 

Class A Common Stock

 

 

Class V Stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(In thousands except shares)

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Additional
Paid-in Capital

 

 

Accumulated Deficit

 

 

Non-Controlling
Interests

 

 

Total Equity

 

Balance at December 31, 2022

 

 

2,984,212

 

 

$

 

 

 

125,919,180

 

 

$

13

 

 

$

137,069

 

 

$

(29,203

)

 

$

2,077,586

 

 

$

2,185,465

 

Conversion of Warrants

 

 

4,167

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

336

 

 

 

 

 

 

(170

)

 

 

166

 

Class A Issuances

 

 

851,737

 

 

 

 

 

 

(794,319

)

 

 

 

 

 

16,236

 

 

 

 

 

 

(14,178

)

 

 

2,058

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(4,916

)

 

 

(169,230

)

 

 

(174,146

)

Balance at March 31, 2023

 

 

3,840,116

 

 

$

 

 

 

125,124,861

 

 

$

13

 

 

$

153,641

 

 

$

(34,119

)

 

$

1,894,008

 

 

$

2,013,543

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

7


Table of Contents

MSP RECOVERY, INC. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

 

 

Three months ended March 31,

 

(In thousands)

 

2024

 

 

2023

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss (1)

 

$

(176,600

)

 

$

(174,146

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

67

 

 

 

9

 

Claims amortization expense

 

 

121,014

 

 

 

113,469

 

Paid-in-kind interest (1)

 

 

97,940

 

 

 

41,937

 

Allowance for credit losses

 

 

 

 

 

5,000

 

Change in fair value of warrant liability

 

 

(51,460

)

 

 

(2,413

)

Gain on sale of intangibles

 

 

 

 

 

(4,599

)

Mark-to-market gain on liability payable in stock

 

 

(253

)

 

 

 

Professional fees settled in shares

 

 

469

 

 

 

 

Change in fair value of derivatives

 

 

153

 

 

 

(158

)

Non-cash lease expense

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

Change in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

217

 

 

 

(3,313

)

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

 

2,890

 

 

 

4,038

 

Affiliate receivable (1)

 

 

(54

)

 

 

2,096

 

Affiliate payable (1)

 

 

 

 

 

39

 

Accounts payable, commission payable and accrued liabilities

 

 

3,470

 

 

 

8,065

 

Net cash used in operating activities

 

 

(2,145

)

 

 

(9,976

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of property and equipment

 

 

(43

)

 

 

(693

)

Purchases of intangible assets

 

 

(100

)

 

 

(1,234

)

Proceeds from sale of intangible assets

 

 

 

 

 

10,000

 

Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities

 

 

(143

)

 

 

8,073

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from debt financing

 

 

4,500

 

 

 

15,000

 

Deferred financing costs

 

 

 

 

 

(125

)

(Payments) Proceeds on related party loan (1)

 

 

(382

)

 

 

4,950

 

Release of temporary equity

 

 

 

 

 

(11,420

)

Repayment of the Claims financing obligation

 

 

(1,490

)

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

2,628

 

 

 

8,405

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increase in cash

 

 

340

 

 

 

6,502

 

Cash at beginning of year

 

 

11,633

 

 

 

15,081

 

Cash at end of period

 

$

11,973

 

 

$

21,583

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sale of intangible assets

 

$

 

 

$

30,897

 

Purchase of intangible asset financed by note payable

 

$

 

 

$

250,000

 

Release of temporary equity

 

$

 

 

$

1,807

 

Original issue discount

 

$

3,000

 

 

$

10,000

 

Payment of professional fees through issuance of Class A common stock

 

$

469

 

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid during the period for:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest

 

$

379

 

 

$

 

 

(1)
Balances include related party transactions. See Note 15, Related Party Transactions, for further details.

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

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Table of Contents

MSP RECOVERY, INC. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Note 1. DESCRIPTION OF THE BUSINESS

On May 23, 2022 (the “Closing Date”), MSP Recovery, Inc. d/b/a LifeWallet, a Delaware corporation (formerly known as Lionheart Acquisition Corporation II (“LCAP”)) consummated the previously announced business combination pursuant to that certain Membership Interest Purchase Agreement, dated as of July 11, 2021, as amended (the “MIPA”), by and among the Company, Lionheart II Holdings, LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, MSP Recovery, LLC and combined and consolidated subsidiaries (“Legacy MSP”), the members of Legacy MSP (the “Members”), and John H. Ruiz, in his capacity as the representative of the Members (the “Members’ Representative”). Pursuant to the MIPA, the Members sold and assigned all of their membership interests in Legacy MSP to the Company in exchange for non-economic voting shares of Class V common stock, par value $0.0001, of the Company (“Class V Common Stock”) and non-voting economic Class B Units of Opco (“Class B Units,” and each pair consisting of one share of Class V Common Stock and one Class B Unit, an “Up-C Unit”) (such transaction, the “Business Combination”). The Up-C Units are convertible into Class A Common Stock of the Company at the discretion of the holder of the Up-C Unit. See Note 3, Business Combination, for details. Subsequent to the Closing Date, the Company’s sole asset is its equity interest in MSP Recovery, LLC. The Company is the managing member and therefore consolidates Legacy MSP.

Legacy MSP was organized in 2014 as a Medicaid and Medicare Secondary Payer Act recovery specialist. The Company utilizes its proprietary internal data analytics platform to review health Claims assigned by secondary payers such as health plans, MSOs, providers of medical services, and independent physicians associations. This platform allows the Company to identify Claims cost recovery rights with potential recovery paths where Claims either should not have been paid by the secondary payers or should have been reimbursed by third-party entities.

MSP Recovery is assigned recovery rights to Claims by secondary payers via CCRAs. Prior to executing a CCRA, MSP Recovery utilizes its proprietary internal data analytics platform to review the set of Claims of a prospective Assignor to identify Claims with probable recovery paths. MSP Recovery’s assets are these irrevocable broad assignments of health Claims recovery rights that are supported by federal and state laws and regulations. MSP Recovery’s offices are located in the U.S. and Puerto Rico.

Comprehensive Settlement with 28 Affiliated Property and Casualty Insurers

On March 1, 2024, the Company reached a comprehensive settlement with 28 affiliated property and casualty insurers (the “P&C Insurers”). The terms of the confidential settlement agreement include:

The P&C Insurers’ agreement to provide ten years of historical data (identifying all claims processed from January 1, 2014, through the present) and data sharing of future claims, extending out for one year, assisting LifeWallet in reconciling its current and future assigned Medicare claims;
The P&C Insurers’ Implementation of LifeWallet’s coordination of benefits clearinghouse solution;
A 5-year agreement to resolve cooperatively, or through binding mediation, relevant Medicare claims (liens) that LifeWallet owns today and in the future;
The P&C Insurers’ agreement that they are primary payers for any unreimbursed Medicare lien that LifeWallet identifies from data sharing, and the P&C Insurers’ agreement to assign all rights to collect against other third parties that either failed to pay liens or collected twice from Medicare funds and the P&C Insurers; and
A cash payment from the P&C Insurers to LifeWallet to settle existing historical claims (amount subject to confidentiality).

The revenue generated from this settlement is included within the Claims recovery income in the condensed consolidated statement of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2024.

Yorkville Purchase Agreement and Yorkville Standby Equity Purchase Agreement

On January 6, 2023, the Company entered into a Company Common Stock Purchase Agreement (the “Yorkville Purchase Agreement”) with YA II PN, Ltd., a Cayman Island exempted company (“Yorkville”), which replaced the CF Agreement discussed in “Committed Equity Facility” within Note 10, Claims Financing Obligations and Notes Payable. Pursuant to the Yorkville Purchase Agreement, the Company has the right to sell to Yorkville from time to time at its option up to $1 billion in shares of the Company’s Class A Common Stock, subject to the terms, conditions and limitations set forth in the Yorkville Purchase Agreement.

On November 14, 2023, the Company entered into the Standby Equity Purchase Agreement (“Yorkville SEPA”) with Yorkville, which fully amended and restated the Yorkville Purchase Agreement described above. Pursuant to the Yorkville SEPA, the Company has the right to sell to Yorkville up to $250.0 million of its shares of common stock, subject to certain limitations and conditions set forth in the Yorkville SEPA, from time to time during the term of the Yorkville SEPA. Sales of the shares of common stock to Yorkville under the Yorkville SEPA, and the timing of any such sales, are at the Company’s option, and the Company is under no obligation to

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Table of Contents

MSP RECOVERY, INC. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

sell any shares of common stock to Yorkville under the Yorkville SEPA except in connection with notices that may be submitted by Yorkville, in certain circumstances as described below.

Pursuant to the terms and conditions set forth in the Yorkville SEPA, the Company has the right, but not the obligation, from time to time at its discretion until the Yorkville SEPA is terminated to direct Yorkville to purchase a specified number of shares of common stock (“Advance”) by delivering written notice to Yorkville (“Advance Notice”). While there is no mandatory minimum amount for any Advance, it may not exceed an amount equal to 100% of the average of the daily traded amount during the five consecutive trading days immediately preceding an Advance Notice.

The shares of common stock purchased pursuant to an Advance delivered by the Company will be purchased at a price equal to (i) 98% of the VWAP of the shares of common stock on the applicable date of delivery of the Advance Notice during regular trading hours on such date or (ii) 97% of the lowest daily VWAP of the shares of common stock during the three consecutive trading days commencing on the date of the delivery of the Advance Notice, other than the daily VWAP on a day in which the daily VWAP is less than a minimum acceptable price as stated by the Company in the Advance Notice or there is no VWAP on the subject trading day. The Company may establish a minimum acceptable price in each Advance Notice below which the Company will not be obligated to make any sales to Yorkville. “VWAP” is defined as the daily volume weighted average price of the shares of common stock for such trading day on the Nasdaq Stock Market during regular trading hours as reported by Bloomberg L.P.

In connection with the Yorkville SEPA, and subject to the condition set forth therein, Yorkville agreed to advance to the Company in the form of convertible promissory notes (the “Convertible Notes”) an aggregate principal amount of $15.0 million. On November 14, 2023, we issued a Convertible Note to Yorkville in the principal amount of $5.0 million, resulting in proceeds to us of $4.73 million on November 16, 2023. On December 11, 2023, we issued a Convertible Note to Yorkville in the principal amount of $5.0 million, resulting in proceeds to us of $4.75 million. On April 8, 2024, we issued a third Convertible Note to Yorkville in the principal amount of $5.0 million, resulting in net proceeds to us of $4.75 million.

On April 8, 2024, the Company and Yorkville agreed to an amendment to the Yorkville SEPA and Convertible Notes (the “Yorkville Letter Agreement”) in which: (1) the Floor Price Trigger (as defined below) was reduced from $1.28 to $1.00; (2) the Floor Price Trigger (as defined below) for the 10-day period ending February 5, 2024 has been cured and the monthly payment of $1.5 million that would have been due, was waived; and (3) the maturity date of the Convertible Notes was extended to September 30, 2025. In addition, the third Convertible Note for $5.0 million was issued on April 8, 2024. On April 12, 2024, Yorkville further agreed that, to the extent that it holds Class A Common Stock in such quantities that would prevent the Company from utilizing the SEPA solely due to the Ownership Limitation, Yorkville commits to fund an additional advance in the principal amount of $13.0 million on the same terms and conditions as the previous advances pursuant to the Yorkville SEPA. On May 2, 2024, the Company and Yorkville reached an agreement to reduce the Floor Price (as defined below) under the Yorkville SEPA from $1.00 to $0.50.

As required pursuant to the Second Amended and Restated Nomura Note (defined in Note 3, Business Combination), 50% of the aggregate proceeds under the Yorkville SEPA will be used to pay amounts outstanding thereunder (first towards accrued and unpaid interest, if any, then towards principal) and the remaining 50% of such proceeds will be used to pay amounts due under the Convertible Notes, if any, or be paid to the Company after the Convertible Notes are fully repaid. Pursuant to the Third Virage MTA Amendment, 25% of the Company’s portion of any net proceeds from the Yorkville SEPA would be used to pay down the VRM Full Return after the Convertible Notes are fully satisfied.

Interest shall accrue on the outstanding balance of any Convertible Notes at an annual rate equal to 5.0%, subject to an increase to 18% upon an event of default as described in the Convertible Notes, and is payable upon maturity or upon the occurrence of a Trigger Event. The maturity date of each Convertible Note will be September 30, 2025, and may be extended at the option of Yorkville. Yorkville may convert the Convertible Notes into shares of the Company’s common stock at a conversion price equal to the lower of 120% of VWAP the day prior to the date of the closing of each tranche (the “Fixed Price”) or 95% of the lowest daily VWAP during the seven consecutive trading days immediately preceding the conversion (the “Conversion Price”), which in no event may the Conversion Price be lower than 20% of the closing price the trading day immediately prior to the signing of the definitive documents. In addition, upon the occurrence and during the continuation of an event of default, the Convertible Notes shall become immediately due and payable and the Company shall pay to Yorkville the principal and interest due thereunder. Events of default include, among others: (i) the Class A Common Stock shall cease to be quoted or listed for trading, as applicable, on any primary market for a period of ten (10) consecutive Trading Days (the Company is currently in compliance with NASDAQ listing requirements and has not been issued a delisting notice since regaining compliance subsequent to a reverse split) and (ii) failure to timely file with the SEC any periodic report on or before the due date of such filing as established by the SEC, including extensions under Rule 12b-25 under the Exchange Act. In no event shall Yorkville be allowed to effect a conversion if such conversion, along with all other shares of common stock beneficially owned by Yorkville and its affiliates would exceed 9.99% of the outstanding shares of the common stock of the Company. If any time on or after November 14, 2023 (i) the daily VWAP is less than $0.50 (the “Floor Price” as lowered pursuant to the Yorkville Letter Agreement) for ten consecutive trading days (“Floor Price Trigger”), (ii) the Company has issued substantially all of the shares available under the Exchange Cap (as defined below) (“Exchange Cap Trigger”) or (iii) the Parent is in material breach of the Registration Rights

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Table of Contents

MSP RECOVERY, INC. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Agreement, dated November 14, 2023, by and between Yorkville and the Company (the “Registration Rights Agreement”) and such breach remains uncured for a period of twenty trading days, or the occurrence of an “Event” (as defined in the Registration Rights Agreement) (“Registration Event Trigger” and collectively with the Floor Price Trigger and the Exchange Cap Trigger, the “Trigger”), then the Company shall make monthly payments to Yorkville beginning on the seventh trading day after the Trigger and continuing monthly in the amount of $1.5 million plus a 5.0% premium and accrued and unpaid interest. The Exchange Cap Trigger will not apply in the event the Company has obtained the approval from its stockholders in accordance with the rules of Nasdaq Stock Market for the issuance of shares of common stock pursuant to the transactions contemplated in the Convertible Note and the Yorkville SEPA in excess of 19.99% of the aggregate number of shares of common stock issued and outstanding as of the effective date of the Yorkville SEPA (the “Exchange Cap”).

Yorkville, at its discretion and providing that there is a balance remaining outstanding under the Convertible Notes, may deliver a notice under the Yorkville SEPA requiring the issuance and sale of shares of common stock to Yorkville at the Conversion Price in consideration of an offset of the Convertible Notes (“Yorkville Advance”). Yorkville, in its sole discretion, may select the amount of any Yorkville Advance, provided that the number of shares issued does not cause Yorkville to exceed the 9.99% ownership limitation, does not exceed the Exchange Cap or the amount of shares of common stock that are registered. As a result of a Yorkville Advance, the amounts payable under the Convertible Notes will be offset by such amount subject to each Yorkville Advance.

The Company will control the timing and amount of any sales of shares of common stock to Yorkville, except with respect to Yorkville Advances. Actual sales of shares of common stock to Yorkville as an Advance under the Yorkville SEPA will depend on a variety of factors to be determined by the Company from time to time, which may include, among other things, market conditions, the trading price of the Company’s common stock and determinations by the Company as to the appropriate sources of funding for our business and operations.

The Yorkville SEPA will automatically terminate on the earliest to occur of (i) the first day of the month following the 36-month anniversary of the date of the Yorkville SEPA or (ii) the date on which Yorkville shall have made payment of Advances pursuant to the Yorkville SEPA for shares of common stock equal to $250.0 million. The Company has the right to terminate the Yorkville SEPA at no cost or penalty upon five (5) trading days’ prior written notice to Yorkville, provided that there are no outstanding Advance Notices for which shares of common stock need to be issued and the Company has paid all amounts owed to Yorkville pursuant to the Convertible Notes. The Company and Yorkville may also agree to terminate the Yorkville SEPA by mutual written consent. Neither the Company nor Yorkville may assign or transfer the Company’s respective rights and obligations under the Yorkville SEPA, and no provision of the Yorkville SEPA may be modified or waived by the Company or Yorkville other than by an instrument in writing signed by both parties.

The Yorkville SEPA contains customary representations, warranties, conditions and indemnification obligations of the parties. The representations, warranties and covenants contained in such agreements were made only for purposes of such agreements and as of specific dates, were solely for the benefit of the parties to such agreements and may be subject to limitations agreed upon by the contracting parties.

The net proceeds under the Yorkville SEPA to the Company will depend on the frequency and prices at which the Company sells its shares of common stock to Yorkville. The Company expects that any proceeds received from such sales to Yorkville will be used for working capital and general corporate purposes.

Certain features of the Yorkville SEPA have been identified and classified as an embedded derivative, which are classified as a liability in accordance with ASC 815 and valued in accordance with ASC 470, Debt. These features classified as an embedded derivative include payment and redemption premiums, increase in interest rate in the event of default and accelerated payments as a result of Trigger events. Per ASC 815, in circumstances where the embedded conversion option in a convertible instrument is required to be bifurcated and there are also other embedded derivative instruments in the convertible instrument that are required to be bifurcated, the bifurcated derivative instruments are accounted for as a single, combined derivative instrument. The fair value of the combined embedded derivative was $190.0 thousand as of March 31, 2024, and the impact in the Statement of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2024 was $153.0 thousand.

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Table of Contents

MSP RECOVERY, INC. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Liquidity

As an early-stage growth company, the Company has incurred substantial net losses since inception. As of March 31, 2024, the Company had unrestricted cash totaling $12.0 million. The Company has incurred recurring losses and negative cash flows since inception and has an accumulated deficit of $104.4 million as of March 31, 2024. For the three months ended March 31, 2024, the Company used approximately $2.1 million of cash in operations. The Company’s liquidity will depend on the ability to generate substantial Claims recovery income and Claims recovery services income in the near future, the timing and amount of which is uncertain, as well as its ability to secure funding from capital sources. The Company’s principal liquidity needs have been working capital, debt service and Claims financing obligations.

The Company anticipates sources of liquidity to include the Working Capital Credit Facility and the Yorkville SEPA as disclosed in Note 10, Claims Financing Obligations and Notes Payable, and has taken several actions to address liquidity concerns, including:

1.
On March 29, 2023, the Company’s subsidiary, Subrogation Holdings, LLC and its parent, MSP Recovery, LLC, entered into the Working Capital Credit Facility consisting of commitments to fund up to $48 million in proceeds. Certain terms were amended to the Working Capital Credit Facility, which were memorialized in the Second Amended and Restated First Lien Credit Agreement dated November 10, 2023. See summary in “Hazel Working Capital Credit Facility and Hazel Purchase Money Loan” in Note 10, Claims Financing Obligations and Notes Payable.
2.
On November 13, 2023, the Company entered into the MTA Amendment No. 2 and Amendment to the Amended and Restated Security Agreement (“Second Virage MTA Amendment”), which extended the due date for the payment obligations to Virage to December 31, 2024. See summary in Note 4, Asset Acquisitions. On April 1, 2024, the Company entered into the MTA Amendment No. 3 and Amendment No. 2 to the Amended and Restated Security Agreement (“Third Virage MTA Amendment”), which: (i) extended the VRM Full Return payment due date to September 30, 2025, subject to acceleration upon certain triggering events; (ii) the Company agreed that, after the Convertible Notes are fully satisfied, 25% of the Company’s portion of any net proceeds from the Yorkville SEPA would be used to pay down the VRM Full Return; and (iii) commence the sale of certain reserved shares of Messrs. John H. Ruiz and Frank C. Quesada, and the delivery of the resulting net cash proceeds thereof to VRM.
3.
On November 13, 2023, the Company entered into the Second Amended and Restated Nomura Note, which extended the maturity date of the Nomura Note to December 31, 2024. See summary in Note 10, Claims Financing Obligations and Notes Payable. On March 26, 2024, the Company entered into the Third Amended and Restated Nomura Note (defined in Note 3, Business Combination), which extended the maturity date of the Nomura Note to September 30, 2025.
4.
On November 14, 2023, the Company entered into the Yorkville SEPA, which included the issuance of Convertible Notes to Yorkville having aggregate principal amounts of up to $15.0 million in connection with the purchase of Class A Common Stock. See summary in “Committed Equity Facility” within Note 10, Claims Financing Obligations and Notes Payable. On April 8, 2024, the maturity date of the Convertible Notes was extended to September 30, 2025. On April 12, 2024, Yorkville further agreed that, to the extent that it holds Class A Common Stock in such quantities that would prevent the Company from utilizing the SEPA solely due to the Ownership Limitation, Yorkville commits to fund an additional advance in the principal amount of $13.0 million on the same terms and conditions as the previous advances pursuant to the Yorkville SEPA. Refer to “Yorkville Purchase Agreement and Yorkville Standby Equity Purchase Agreement” within Note 1, Description of the Business, for additional information.

The Company has concluded that such actions alleviate the substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern beyond one year from the date these financial statements are issued.

 

Note 2. BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation

Basis of presentation

These statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) and, in accordance with those rules and regulations, do not include all information and footnote disclosures normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). In the opinion of management, the unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements (the “Financial Statements”) reflect all adjustments, which consist only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary to state fairly the results of operations, financial condition and cash flows for the interim periods presented herein.

These Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the 2023 Form 10-K. The year-end condensed consolidated balance sheet data was derived from the audited financial statements but

12


Table of Contents

MSP RECOVERY, INC. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

does not include all disclosures required by GAAP. The results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations to be expected for the full year.

All intercompany transactions and balances are eliminated from the Financial Statements.

Principles of consolidation

The Company consolidates all entities that it controls through a majority voting interest or otherwise and the accompanying financial statements include the accounts of the Company’s wholly owned subsidiaries and those entities for which the Company has a controlling interest in. The Company also consolidates all entities that it controls as the primary beneficiary of a variable interest entity (“VIE”). Under the VIE model, management first assesses whether the Company has a variable interest in an entity, which would include an equity interest. If the Company has a variable interest in an entity, management further assesses whether that entity is a VIE, and if so, whether the Company is the primary beneficiary under the VIE model. Generally, entities that are organized similar to a limited partnership, in which a general partner (or managing member) make the most relevant decisions that affect the entity’s economic performance, are considered to be VIEs which would require consolidation, unless the limited partners have substantive kickout or participating rights. Entities that do not qualify as VIEs are assessed for consolidation under the voting interest model.

Under the VIE model, an entity is deemed to be the primary beneficiary of a VIE if it holds a controlling financial interest. A controlling financial interest is defined as (a) the power to direct the activities of a VIE that most significantly affect the entity’s economic performance and (b) the obligation to absorb losses of the entity or the right to receive benefits from the entity that could potentially be significant to the VIE. Management determines whether the Company is the primary beneficiary of a VIE at the time it becomes involved with a VIE and reconsiders that conclusion at each reporting date. This analysis includes an evaluation of the Company’s control rights, as well as the economic interests that the Company holds in the VIE, including indirectly through related parties. As a result of the Business Combination, the Company consolidates MSP Recovery under the VIE model.

Estimates and Assumptions

The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Actual results could differ from the Company’s estimates. Estimates are periodically reviewed considering changes in circumstances, facts and experience. Changes in estimates are recorded in the period in which they become known. Significant estimates and assumptions reflected in these consolidated financial statements include but are not limited to Claims recovery income and Claims recovery service income recognition, recoverability of long-lived assets and cost of Claims recoveries.

Concentration of Credit Risk and Off-Balance Sheet Risk

Cash and affiliate receivable are financial instruments that are potentially subject to concentrations of credit risk. See Note 15, Related Party Transactions, for disclosure of affiliate receivables. The Company’s cash is deposited in accounts at large financial institutions, and amounts may exceed federally insured limits. The Company believes it is not exposed to significant credit risk due to the financial strength of the depository institutions where cash is held. The Company has no other financial instruments with off-balance-sheet risk of loss.

Non-Controlling Interests

As part of the Business Combination and described in Note 3, Business Combination, the Company became the managing member of MSP Recovery, which is consolidated as the Company controls the operating decisions of MSP Recovery. The non-controlling interest relates to the Up-C Units that are convertible into Class A Common Stock of the Company at the discretion of the holder of the Up-C Unit. The Up-C Unit holders retained approximately 99.76% of the economic ownership percentage of the Company as of the Closing Date. The non-controlling interest is classified as permanent equity within the condensed consolidated balance sheet of the Company. As of March 31, 2024, based on the Class A common stock issuances during the period, the non-controlling interest of Class V shareholders was 88.8%.

Changes in the Company’s ownership interest in MSP Recovery, due to holders of Class V Common Stock converting their shares to Class A Common Stock, are accounted for as equity transactions. Each issuance of the Company’s Class A Common Stock requires a corresponding issuance of MSP Recovery units to the Company. The issuance would result in a change in ownership and would reduce the balance of non-controlling interest and increase the balance of additional paid-in capital.

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MSP RECOVERY, INC. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

New Accounting Pronouncements Issued but Not Yet Adopted

In December 2023, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2023-09, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Improvements to Income Tax Disclosures. Among other requirements, this update adds specific disclosure requirements for income taxes, including: (1) disclosing specific categories in the rate reconciliation and (2) providing additional information for reconciling items that meet quantitative thresholds. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the effect that implementation of this standard will have on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and disclosures.

In November 2023, the FASB issued ASU No. 2023-07, Segment Reporting (Topic 280): Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosures. This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024, with early adoption permitted. The Company operates in one reportable segment; however, it is currently evaluating the effect that implementation of this standard will have on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and disclosures.

In March 2024, the SEC adopted the final rule under SEC Release No. 33-11275, The Enhancement and Standardization of Climate Related Disclosures for Investors, which requires registrants to disclose climate-related information in registration statements and annual reports. The new rules would be effective for annual reporting periods beginning in fiscal year 2025. However, in April 2024, the SEC exercised its discretion to stay these rules pending the completion of judicial review of certain consolidated petitions with the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit in connection with these rules. The Company is evaluating the impact of this rule on its consolidated financial statements and disclosures.

 

Note 3. BUSINESS COMBINATION

On May 23, 2022 (the “Closing Date”), MSP Recovery, Inc. d/b/a LifeWallet, a Delaware corporation (formerly known as Lionheart Acquisition Corporation II (“LCAP”)) consummated the previously announced business combination pursuant to that certain Membership Interest Purchase Agreement, dated as of July 11, 2021, as amended (the “MIPA”), by and among the Company, Lionheart II Holdings, LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, MSP Recovery, LLC and combined and consolidated subsidiaries (“Legacy MSP”), the members of Legacy MSP (the “Members”), and John H. Ruiz, in his capacity as the representative of the Members (the “Members’ Representative”). Pursuant to the MIPA, the Members sold and assigned all of their membership interests in Legacy MSP to the Company in exchange for non-economic voting shares of Class V common stock, par value $0.0001, of the Company (“Class V Common Stock”) and non-voting economic Class B Units of Opco (“Class B Units,” and each pair consisting of one share of Class V Common Stock and one Class B Unit, an “Up-C Unit”) (such transaction, the “Business Combination”). The Up-C Units are convertible into Class A Common Stock of the Company at the discretion of the holder of the Up-C Unit. Subsequent to the Closing Date, the Company’s sole asset is its equity interest in MSP Recovery, LLC. The Company is the managing member and therefore consolidates Legacy MSP.

As a result of the closing of the Business Combination (the “Closing”), the Company is organized in an “Up-C” structure in which all of the business of Legacy MSP and its subsidiaries is held directly or indirectly by the Company, the Company is the managing member, consolidates Legacy MSP and the Company owns all of the voting economic Class A Units and the Members and their designees own all of the non-voting economic Class B Units in accordance with the terms of the first amended and restated limited liability company agreement of the Company. Each Up-C Unit may be exchanged for either, at the Company’s option, (a) cash or (b) one share of Class A common stock, par value $0.0001, of the Company (“Class A Common Stock”), subject to the provisions set forth in the LLC Agreement. The aggregate consideration paid to the Members (or their designees) at the Closing consisted of (i) 130,000,000 Units and (ii) rights to receive payments under the Tax Receivable Agreement (“TRA”). Of the 130,000,000 Units, 126,178,932 Units were issued in connection with the Closing and 3,821,068 Units were designated to the Company and Opco for cancellation (“Canceled Units”). Since the Closing, the Company has issued 2,000,880 Up-C Units to certain designated persons and intends to further issue shares of Class A Common Stock in respect of transaction-related bonuses or certain other designated persons, which together with the 2,000,880 Up-C Units, would be equivalent in number to the Canceled Units.

In connection with the Closing, the Company changed its name from “Lionheart Acquisition Corporation II” to “MSP Recovery, Inc.” The Business Combination is accounted for as a reverse recapitalization in accordance with GAAP. Under this method of accounting, the Company is treated as the acquired for financial statement reporting purposes. The reverse recapitalization was treated as the equivalent of Legacy MSP issuing stock for the net assets of LCAP, accompanied by a recapitalization. The net assets of LCAP are stated at historical cost, with no goodwill or other intangible assets recorded.

The Company received net proceeds in the business combination transaction of approximately $23.4 million. The Company incurred direct and incremental costs of approximately $79.2 million related to the Business Combination, which consisted primarily of

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MSP RECOVERY, INC. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

investment banking, legal, accounting, and other professional fees. These transaction-related costs were recorded as a reduction of additional paid-in capital in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Warrants

As part of the Business Combination, the Company assumed the liability related to the LCAP public warrants (“Public Warrants”) of $12.5 million. Pursuant to the terms of the Existing Warrant Agreement, and after giving effect to the issuance of the New Warrants, as defined below, the exercise price of the Public Warrants decreased to $0.0025 per share of Class A Common Stock. During the period from the Closing Date to March 31, 2024, approximately 8.9 million warrants of the original 11.8 million warrants had been exercised. For the three months ended March 31, 2024, the fair value of the remaining unexercised warrants decreased resulting in other income of $0.2 million, which is recorded within change in fair value of warrant and derivative liabilities in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. Following anti-dilution adjustments made in connection with the Business Combination, the Public Warrants have an exercise price of $0.0025 per share, which have become exercisable as of 10 days after closing of the Business Combination, on a cashless basis in lots of 25.

Additionally, in connection with the Business Combination, the Company declared a dividend of approximately 1,028 million New Warrants payable to the holders of record of the Class A Common Stock as of the close of business on the Closing Date, after giving effect to the waiver of the right, title, and interest in, to or under, participation in any such dividend by the Members, on behalf of themselves and any of their designees. The New Warrants will be exercisable 30 days following the Closing Date until their expiration date, which will be the fifth anniversary of the Closing Date or earlier redemption. The record date for the determination of the holders of record of the outstanding shares of Class A Common Stock entitled to receive the New Warrant Dividend was the close of business on the Closing Date. Pursuant to the terms of the LLC Agreement, at least twice a month, to the extent any New Warrants have been exercised in accordance with their terms, the Company is required to purchase from the MSP Principals, proportionately, the number of Up-C Units or shares of Class A Common Stock owned by such MSP Principal equal to the Aggregate Exercise Price divided by the Warrant Exercise price in exchange for the Aggregate Exercise Price. The Company determined that the New Warrants instruments meet the equity scope exception in ASC 815 to be classified in stockholders’ equity, and as the repurchase right noted above has a mirrored value designed to offset the New Warrants, if exercised would be an equity only transaction. The New Warrants are each exercisable in lots of 25 for one whole share of Class A Common Stock at an exercise price of $287.50 per whole share. The New Warrants must be exercised in lots of 25, as no fractional shares will be issued as a result of their exercise. The New Warrants are subject to certain anti-dilution adjustments.

Public Warrants and New Warrants are currently listed on Nasdaq under the symbols “LIFWZ” and “LIFWW,” respectively.

Tax Receivable Agreement

In connection with the Business Combination, the Company also entered into a Tax Receivable Agreement (the “TRA”). Pursuant to the TRA, the Company is required to pay the sellers 85% of the amount of tax benefits that the Company actually realizes as a result of (i) the Company’s direct and indirect allocable share of existing tax basis acquired in the Business Combination, (ii) increases in the Company’s allocable share of existing tax basis and tax basis adjustments that will increase the tax basis of the tangible and intangible assets of the Company as a result of the Business Combination and as a result of sales or exchanges of Up-C Units for cash or shares of Class A Common Stock, and (iii) certain other tax benefits related to entering into the Tax Receivable Agreement, including tax benefits attributable to payments under the Tax Receivable Agreement.

During the three months ended March 31, 2024, the Company’s TRA liability associated with the allocable share of existing tax basis acquired in the Business Combination would give rise to a TRA liability of $12.4 million. The Company has not recognized such liabilities under the TRA after concluding it was not probable that the Company will be able to realize the remaining tax benefits based on estimates of future taxable income. No payments were made to the Continuing Equity Owners and Blocker Shareholders (as defined in the TRA) pursuant to the TRA during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023. The estimation of liability under the tax receivable agreement is by its nature imprecise and subject to significant assumptions regarding the amount, character, and timing of the taxable income of MSP Recovery, Inc. in the future. We may incur additional liabilities under the TRA when Lionheart II Holdings, LLC are exchanged in the future. If the valuation allowance recorded against the deferred tax assets applicable to the tax attributes subject to the TRA is released in a future period, the relating TRA liability may be considered probable at that time and recorded within earnings.

The Company has assessed the realizability of the net deferred tax assets and in that analysis, has considered the relevant positive and negative evidence available to determine whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will be realized. The Company has recorded a full valuation allowance against the deferred tax assets as of March 31, 2024, which will be maintained until there is sufficient evidence to support the reversal of all or some portion of these allowances. As the tax benefits associated with the TRA have not been recognized, based on estimates of future taxable income, the Company has concluded it is not

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MSP RECOVERY, INC. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

probable to recognize any tax receivable agreement liability. If the valuation allowance recorded against the deferred tax assets is released in a future period, the TRA liability may be considered probable at that time and recorded within earnings.

Non-Controlling Interest

As a result of the Business Combination, the Company reflects non-controlling interests due to the Up-C structure. The Company holds all of the voting Class A Units of Opco, whereas the Members (or their designees) hold all of the non-voting economic Class B Units of Opco (these Class B Units represent the non-controlling interest in the Company). The ownership percentage of Class V Common Stock held in the Company by the Members (or their designees) will be equivalent to the number of Class B Units held in the Company, and as such, reflects non-controlling interest in the Company, which is equivalent to the Class V Common Stock ownership percentage. See Note 12, Noncontrolling Interest, for more information on ownership interests in the Company.

Amended and Restated Nomura Promissory Note

On May 27, 2022, the Company issued an unsecured promissory note to Nomura in a principal amount of approximately $24.5 million related to advisory fees and deferred underwriting fees and expenses that became due and payable by the Company to Nomura, in connection with the consummation of the Business Combination. On April 12, 2023, the Company amended and restated the promissory note (the “First Amended and Restated Nomura Note”), increasing the principal amount to approximately $26.3 million, increasing the interest rate from 8.0% to 16.0% per annum, and extending the maturity date of the Nomura Note to September 30, 2024. On November 13, 2023, the Company amended and restated the First Amended and Restated Nomura Note (the “Second Amended and Restated Nomura Note”) to (a) increase the principal amount to approximately $28.9 million, (b) extend the maturity date to December 31, 2024, and (c) permit the Company to use the proceeds of an at-the-market offering to repay indebtedness incurred by the Company for which the proceeds are used for operating expenses, subject to certain enumerated restrictions. On March 26, 2024, the Company amended and restated the Second Amended and Restated Nomura Note (the “Third Amended and Restated Nomura Note”) to (a) increase the principal amount to approximately $30.0 million, and (b) extend the maturity date to September 30, 2025. The Third Amended and Restated Nomura Note carries an interest rate of 16% per annum and is payable in kind or in cash, at the Company’s discretion, every 30 calendar days after March 26, 2024. Upon two days prior written notice to Nomura, the Company may prepay all or any portion of the then outstanding principal amount under the Nomura Note together with all accrued and unpaid interest thereon. The balance of the unsecured Nomura Note and related interest are included within Claims financing obligations and notes payable in the condensed consolidated balance sheet.

 

Note 4. ASSET ACQUISITIONS

On May 23, 2022 as part of the Closing of the Business Combination, the Company acquired assets through the issuance of Up-C Units. In exchange for approximately 7.9 million Up-C Units, the Company acquired Claims previously held by Series MRCS, an affiliate of the Company. The Claims are included as Intangible Assets, net in the condensed consolidated balance sheet.

The Claims are held at cost, which was determined using the opening market price of the Company’s Class A Common Stock as of the day subsequent to the Closing Date discounted by 4.5% or lack of marketability due to timing before shares are sellable. The Company determined the appropriate measurement date was the opening of the first trading day of the Class A Common Stock after the Closing Date as this reflects the equivalent value of the Up-C Units provided to the sellers. The Up-C Units provided to the sellers did not include New Warrants, and as such, the Class A Common Stock value excluding the New Warrants was reflected at the Close of the first trading day after the Closing Date. The Claims are treated as finite life intangible assets similar to other Claims that the Company has acquired and have a useful life of eight years. For further details on the intangible assets resulting from Claims acquisitions, see Note 7, Intangible Assets, Net.

VRM

The Company acquired the rights to receive the distributable net proceeds (the “Proceeds”) of a portfolio of Claims owned by VRM MSP, a Delaware limited liability company and joint investment vehicle of VRM and Series MRCS, in exchange for approximately 14.3 million Up-C Units. Under this asset acquisition structure, the Company determined that the arrangements to acquire the rights to proceeds from certain Claims recovery rights along with the guarantee of the VRM Full Return (noted and defined below) result in the Company consolidating the Series. Upon consolidation, the Company included the value of the Up-C Units provided and the value of the guarantee as Intangible Assets, net in the condensed consolidated balance sheet. These are held at cost and treated as finite life intangible assets similar to other CCRAs that the Company has acquired, and have a useful life of eight years.

In connection with such transaction the Company agreed to pay Virage an amount equal to the contributions by Virage to VRM MSP plus an annual rate of return of 20% (the “VRM Full Return”). Pursuant to the terms of the agreement with Virage, such amount is payable exclusively by any of the following means (or any combination thereof): (a) the Proceeds, net of expenses related to claim

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Table of Contents

MSP RECOVERY, INC. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

settlement, (b) a sale of certain reserved shares of Messrs. John Ruiz and Frank Quesada, and the delivery of the resulting net cash proceeds thereof to VRM, or (c) a sale of shares by the Company and delivery of the net cash proceeds thereof to VRM. The amount of the VRM Full Return was $984.4 million as of March 31, 2024.

As the Company incurred debt related to the VRM Full Return as included in the guaranty obligation within the condensed consolidated balance sheet, this value was included in the purchase price and is included in Intangible Assets, net, in the condensed consolidated balance sheet for the full value of the VRM Full Return at the acquisition date. Any subsequent interest accrual is reflected within interest expense in the condensed consolidated statement of operations.

On April 12, 2023, the Company and Messrs. Quesada and Ruiz entered into an amendment (the “Virage MTA Amendment”) to the agreement with Virage and the related Guaranty pursuant to which the payment date for the VRM Full Return was extended from May 23, 2023 until September 30, 2024, subject to acceleration upon certain triggering events. On November 14, 2023, the maturity date was extended to December 31, 2024. In addition, the Virage MTA Amendment changed the payment methods to Virage to exclusively be, in the following order of priority: (a) the Proceeds and any other sources of revenue or liquidity of the Company (and its subsidiaries) that are not encumbered by a lien of a party other than Virage and to the extent such revenues and liquidity exceed the amount of net of revenues necessary to establish and maintain an operating reserve of $70.0 million (reduced to $47.5 million on July 24, 2023) for certain Company expenses, (b) a sale of certain reserved shares of Messrs. John Ruiz and Frank Quesada, and the delivery of the resulting net cash proceeds thereof to VRM, (c) Parent’s sale of additional shares and delivery of proceeds to Virage, subject to certain anti-dilution provisions, (d) if not satisfied by the foregoing, a sale of other shares of the Company by Messrs. John Ruiz and Frank Quesada, and the delivery of the resulting net cash proceeds thereof to VRM; provided that if the VRM Full Return is not fully paid by September 30, 2024 the VRM Full Return shall be payable by any of such payment methods in any order of priority.

On November 13, 2023, the Company entered into the Second Virage MTA Amendment that extended the final payment date of the VRM Full Return to December 31, 2024, subject to acceleration upon certain triggering events. In addition, the Second Virage MTA Amendment (a) changed the minimum operating reserve from $47.5 million to the budget of the Company (plus applicable taxes) plus 10% and (b) required Virage and the Company negotiate and agree on a form of initial warrant and monthly warrant by no later than December 1, 2023. Pursuant to the Second Virage MTA Amendment, on January 1, 2024, the Company was required to make a one-time, lump sum payment to Virage for the period starting May 24, 2023 and ending December 31, 2023, in one or a combination of: (a) cash, in an amount equal to 1.0% of each calendar month-end balance (which month-end balance shall be increased daily up to 20% per annum based on a formula set forth in the Virage MTA Amendment) of the amount owing to Virage as of each preceding calendar month end and/or (b) warrants to purchase Class A common stock at $0.0001 per share, in an amount equal to the quotient of 1.0% of each calendar month-end balance (which month-end balance shall be increased daily up to 20% per annum based on a formula set forth in the Virage MTA Amendment) of the amount owing to Virage as of each preceding calendar month end and the volume weighted average price of a share of our Class A common stock for the five day period prior to the issuance, each expiring two years from the date of issuance.

Accordingly, the Company issued the VRM Warrants. The Initial Virage Warrant, as amended, was issued effective January 1, 2024 and entitles Virage to purchase 28,298,329 shares of Class A Common Stock, with an expiration date of January 1, 2026. In addition, Virage Warrants were issued for February 2024 entitling Virage to purchase 8,263,494 shares and March 2024 entitling Virage to purchase 11,955,994 shares, which are recorded as warrant liability in the condensed consolidated balance sheet. Further, on April 12, 2024 a Monthly Virage Warrant was issued for April 2024 entitling Virage to purchase 13,556,181 shares to settle interest payable due to Virage as of March 31, 2024, and on May 15, 2024, the Company issued an additional Monthly Virage Warrant for May 2024 entitling Virage to purchase 9,758,569 shares. Until our obligations to Virage are paid in full, the Company has the option every month to continue to pay Virage in one or a combination of: (a) cash, in an amount equal to 1.0% of each calendar month-end balance (which month-end balance shall be increased daily up to 20% per annum based on a formula set forth in the Virage MTA Amendment) of the amount owing to Virage as of each preceding calendar month end and/or (b) the issuance of subsequent Monthly Virage Warrants.

On April 1, 2024, the Company entered into the Third Virage MTA Amendment which: (i) extended the VRM Full Return payment due date to September 30, 2025, subject to acceleration upon certain triggering events, including the receipt of a going concern opinion by the Company’s independent auditor; (ii) the Company agreed that, after the Convertible Notes are fully satisfied, 25% of the Company’s portion of any net proceeds from the Yorkville SEPA would be used to pay down the VRM Full Return; and (iii) commence the sale of certain reserved shares of Messrs. John H. Ruiz and Frank C. Quesada, and the delivery of the resulting net cash proceeds thereof to VRM.

VRM Swap

On July 28, 2023, VRM exercised its option to exchange Claims with service dates prior to January 1, 2014 for more recent Claims. To do so, the VRM MSP agreement was amended to reflect that: (a) rights to recovery proceeds arising from Claims held by VRM MSP, with dates of service before January 1, 2014, were transferred to MSP Recovery; (b) MSP Recovery contributed to VRM MSP in

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MSP RECOVERY, INC. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

the form of in-kind ownership interests to certain Series entities holding Claims; and (c) as a result of such capital contributions, MSP Recovery was admitted as a member of VRM MSP.

The contribution of certain Series (holding certain CCRAs) by MSP Recovery into VRM MSP is considered a common control transaction, given that the Company consolidates Series before and after such transfers. In addition, the Company analyzed being admitted as a member of VRM MSP and concluded to apply Investments in Equity Method guidance under ASC 323. The Company initially measured and recorded its equity method investment in VRM MSP using a cost accumulation model; however, in consolidation, the investment in VRM MSP is eliminated, with the CCRA intangible assets remaining on the balance sheet under the “Intangible assets” line item. The investment in VRM MSP will reflect a zero balance. In addition, given VRM MSP’s primary assets are the CCRAs, VRM MSP’s ability to generate any earnings (not already reported via MSP Recovery consolidation of Series), is negligible; therefore, MSP Recovery does not expect any significant earnings from VRM MSP.

Hazel Transactions

Claims Transactions and Purchase Money Loan

On March 29, 2023, the Company acquired a controlling interest in nine legal entities, whose sole assets are CCRAs, from Hazel. This is referred to as the “Claims Purchase.” The purchase price for the Claims Purchase was funded by (i) a purchase money loan between Hazel, as a lender, and the Company, as a borrower, in the amount of $250.0 million (the “Purchase Money Loan”) and (ii) proceeds from the sale of certain, separate CCRAs in the Claims Sale (as defined below).

Also, on March 29, 2023, the Company sold a controlling interest in three legal entities whose sole assets are CCRAs to Hazel. The agreement provided that the Company and Hazel would share in the recovery proceeds therefrom, in accordance with an agreed waterfall after Hazel had realized the first $150 million in claims recoveries. This transaction is referred to as the “Claims Sale,” and together with the Claims Purchase, the “Claims Transactions.”

As the Claims Transactions were negotiated together in contemplation of one another, they have been combined for accounting purposes. The Company analyzed the Claims Sale and determined that this transaction would be treated as the sale of in-substance nonfinancial assets, in exchange for noncash consideration in the form of the CCRAs from the Claims Purchase measured at fair value. The variable consideration related to future recoveries is fully constrained, because, at this time, it is not probable that any amounts will be owed above the $150 million recovery threshold that would trigger additional payments. The Company analyzed the Claims Purchase and determined it results in the initial consolidation of variable interest entities that are not businesses. The acquired CCRAs held by those entities are recognized at fair value.

The fair value of the assets sold in the Claims Sale was determined to be $45.5 million. The Company’s carrying value of those CCRAs surrendered was $40.9 million. Because there are no other observable prices for such transactions, the Company determined the fair value by reference to the purchase price for those CCRAs in a recent transaction. The fair value of the acquired CCRAs was determined to be $285.5 million, and the Company recognized the Purchase Money Loan recognized at $250.0 million, as any implicit discount or premium to current market rates at the time of issuance were insignificant.

This resulted in a gain on the Claims Transactions of $4.6 million, which largely corresponds to the previously recognized amortization of the CCRAs that were sold in the Claims Sale.

Amounts borrowed and obligations under the Purchase Money Loan and the Working Capital Credit Facility (See Note 10, Claims Financing Obligations and Notes Payable) are secured by a pledge of proceeds from specific Claims in the Company’s Claims portfolio, with the lien securing the Purchase Money Loan being subordinated and junior to the lien securing the Working Capital Credit Facility. Pursuant to the Purchase Money Loan and the Working Capital Credit Facility, the Company entered into a collateral administrative agreement between the Company and Hazel, which sets forth certain arrangements between the Company and Hazel in relation to Claims owned by the Company, the proceeds of which are due to the Company were pledged to Hazel to secure the Purchase Money Loan and the Working Capital Credit Facility.

 

Note 5. INVESTMENT IN EQUITY METHOD INVESTEES

The Company holds four investments which are accounted for using the equity method: MAO-MSO Recovery II LLC Series PMPI (“Series PMPI”), MAO-MSO Recovery LLC, MAO-MSO Recovery II LLC (both collectively the “MAO-MSO entities”) and VRM MSP.

Series PMPI is a series of MAO-MSO Recovery II LLC. The Company exercises significant influence over the operating and financial activities of Series PMPI, but does not exercise control of the entity. In accordance with Series PMPI’s operating agreement, the controlling member is entitled to a preferred return of 20% per annum (the “Preferred Return”). Once the Preferred Return has been met, the controlling member is entitled to 50% of Claims recoveries by PMPI. The noncontrolling member is allocated 100% of the

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MSP RECOVERY, INC. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

costs of PMPI. Since the Preferred Return exceeds the total members’ equity of PMPI as of both March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the value of the equity method investment in the condensed consolidated balance sheet is $0.

The MAO-MSO entities are Delaware limited liability companies formed as master series entities whose central operations are to form other series legal entities that will hold and pursue Claims recovery rights. The MAO-MSO entities are not designed to hold or pursue Claims recoveries themselves. The Company holds a 50% economic interest in both entities, and has significant influence through its equity investment, but does not control either entity. As equity method investments, the Company recognizes its proportionate share of net earnings or losses as equity earnings in Other income. The activity of these entities has been insignificant for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023. Since the Company did not make a contribution to the MAO-MSO entities, and the entities have recorded losses, the value of the equity method investment in the condensed consolidated balance sheets is $0 as of both March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023.

Summary financial information for equity accounted investees, not adjusted for the percentage ownership of the Company is as follows:

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31,

 

(in thousands)

 

2024

 

 

2023

 

Revenue

 

$

7

 

 

$

 

Amortization

 

$

500

 

 

$

500

 

Other expenses

 

$

10

 

 

$

 

Profit (Loss)

 

$

(503

)

 

$

(500

)

 

 

 

As of

 

in thousands

 

March 31, 2024

 

 

December 31, 2023

 

Total Assets

 

$

911

 

 

$

1,403

 

Total Liabilities

 

$

410

 

 

$

399

 

In 2023, in connection with an amendment to the VRM MSP structure, the Company became a direct investor in VRM MSP, which controls MSP Recovery Claims, Series LLC, and recognizes this investment as an equity method investment. However, the Company previously consolidated and continues to consolidate the underlying Series of MSP Recovery Claims, Series LLC, which hold investments in CCRAs that the Company controls as primary beneficiary under the VIE model. As such, other than the Series, which were already consolidated, the investment in VRM MSP includes only administrative activities that are not otherwise consolidated, and any costs are allocable to the other investors. As a result, the Company has no significant equity earnings or exposure to losses or obligations to fund this investment.

 

Note 6. PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, NET

Property and equipment, net consist of the following:

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

(In thousands)

2024

 

 

2023

 

Office and computer equipment

$

455

 

 

$

434

 

Leasehold improvements

 

113

 

 

 

113

 

Internally developed software

 

5,810

 

 

 

5,789

 

Other software

 

67

 

 

 

67

 

Property and equipment, gross

$

6,445

 

 

$

6,403

 

Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization of software

 

(1,559

)

 

 

(1,492

)

Property and equipment, net

$

4,886

 

 

$

4,911

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, depreciation expense and amortization expense was $67.0 thousand and $9.0 thousand, respectively.

 

 

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MSP RECOVERY, INC. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

 

Note 7. INTANGIBLE ASSETS, NET

The Company records CCRAs at cost and amortized them as a finite intangible asset with a useful life of eight years. During three months ended March 31, 2024, the Company purchased $0.1 million of CCRAs included in Intangible assets, net, all of which were paid in cash.

Intangible assets, net consists of the following:

(in thousands)

 

March 31, 2024

 

 

December 31, 2023

 

Intangible assets, gross

 

$

3,872,456

 

 

$

3,872,356

 

Accumulated amortization

 

 

(860,574

)

 

 

(739,560

)

Net

 

$

3,011,882

 

 

$

3,132,796

 

For both the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, claims amortization expense was $121.0 million and $113.5 million, respectively.

Future amortization for CCRAs, for the remainder of 2024 and thereafter is expected to be as follows:

(in thousands)

 

CCRAs Amortization

 

2024

 

$

362,970

 

2025

 

 

483,932

 

2026

 

 

483,932

 

2027

 

 

483,932

 

2028

 

 

483,932

 

Thereafter

 

 

713,184

 

Total

 

$

3,011,882

 

 

The Company monitors intangible assets for potential impairment indicators, including, but not limited to, assumptions regarding the amount and timing of future collections derived from its CCRAs. The Company continues to pursue recoveries from various parties under rights held through its CCRAs; however, extended delays may result in future impairment of the Company’s intangible assets.

During the three months ended March 31, 2024, the Company updated the recoverability analysis on the definite-lived CCRA intangible assets performed as of December 31, 2023. The Company did not identify any new impairment indicators outside of the ones already disclosed in its evaluation of its definite-lived intangible assets in the 2023 Form 10-K. Based on the analysis, the carrying value of the Company’s CCRA intangible assets were deemed to be recoverable as of March 31, 2024.

The following table presents the changes in the Company’s intangibles assets for the three months ended March 31, 2024:

(in thousands)

 

 

 

Intangible Assets

 

Balance as of December 31, 2023

 

 

 

$

3,132,796

 

Acquisitions of CCRAs

 

 

 

 

100

 

Amortization expense

 

 

 

 

(121,014

)

Total

 

 

 

$

3,011,882

 

 

Note 8. LEASES

The Company leases office space in Puerto Rico under a non-cancellable operating lease which commenced in September 2023 and expires August 2026. Prior to this lease, the Company held a short-term lease, therefore the Company recorded an initial right-of-use (“ROU”) asset and lease liability upon signing the new lease agreement. Lease expense for the three months ended March 31, 2024 amounted to $39.5 thousand.

In addition, the Company rents office space from the Law Firm, which is on a month-to-month basis and therefore is not included within the ROU Asset and Lease liability nor in the future minimum lease payments below. Short-term rent expense for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 was $0.5 million and $0.3 million, respectively.

As of March 31, 2024, the weighted-average lease term and weighted-average discount rate were 2.4 years and 15.31%, respectively.

 

 

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MSP RECOVERY, INC. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

The presentation of right-of-use assets and lease liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheet is as follows:

 

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

(In thousands)

 

Classification

 

2024

 

 

2023

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Right-of-use asset

 

Right-of-use assets

 

$

315

 

 

$

342

 

Total Leased Assets

 

 

 

$

315

 

 

$

342

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating lease liability

 

Other current liabilities

 

$

(115

)

 

$

(109

)

Non-current

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating lease liability

 

Lease liabilities

 

$

(204

)

 

$

(235

)

Total Lease Liability

 

 

 

$

(319

)

 

$

(344

)

The future minimum lease payments under non-cancellable operating leases as of March 31, 2024 for the next five years and thereafter are as follows:

(in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

2024

 

 

 

$

115

 

2025

 

 

 

 

157

 

2026

 

 

 

 

107

 

2027

 

 

 

 

 

2028

 

 

 

 

 

Thereafter

 

 

 

 

 

Total minimum payments required

 

 

 

 

379

 

Less: implied interest

 

 

 

 

(60

)

Present value of lease liabilities

 

 

 

$

319

 

 

Note 9. VARIABLE INTEREST ENTITIES

Investments in consolidated Variable Interest Entities

The Company evaluates its ownership, contractual, and other interests in entities to determine if they are VIEs, if the Company has a variable interest in those entities, and the nature and extent of those interests. These evaluations are highly complex and involve management judgment and the use of estimates and assumptions based on available historical information, among other factors. Based on its evaluations, if the Company determines it is the primary beneficiary of such VIEs, it consolidates such entities into its financial statements. VIEs information below is presented on an aggregate basis based on similar risk and reward characteristics and the Company’s involvement with the VIEs.

The Company includes a number of entities that are determined to be VIEs and for which the common control group can direct the use of the entities’ assets and resources for other purposes. The Company only consolidates those VIEs for which the Company is the primary beneficiary.

The assets of the consolidated VIEs may only be used to settle obligations of these VIEs and to settle any investors’ ownership liquidation requests. There is no recourse to the Company for the consolidated VIEs’ liabilities. The assets of the consolidated VIEs are not available to the Company’s creditors.

Total assets and liabilities included in its condensed consolidated balance sheets for these VIEs were $2.1 billion and $0.4 million, respectively, as of March 31, 2024 and $2.2 billion and $0.4 million, respectively, as of December 31, 2023. The assets at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 include the Intangible Assets, net included in the Series of $1.9 billion and $2.0 billion, respectively.

Investments in Unconsolidated Variable Interest Entities

The Company is involved with VIEs in which it has investments in equity but does not consolidate because it does not have the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact their economic performance and thus is not considered the primary beneficiary of the entities. Those VIEs are reflected as equity method investments.

Total assets and liabilities for these VIEs were $0.9 million and $0.4 million, respectively, at March 31, 2024 and $1.4 million and $0.4 million, respectively, at December 31, 2023.

Generally, MSP’s exposure is limited to its investment in those VIEs (see Note 5, Investment in Equity Method Investees). For MAO-MSO Recovery II, LLC and Series PMPI, MSP may be exposed to providing additional recovery services at its own cost if

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MSP RECOVERY, INC. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

recovery proceeds allocated to it are insufficient to recover the costs of those services. MSP does not have any other exposures or any obligation to provide additional funding.

VRM MSP

The Company became a member of VRM MSP through the contribution of certain Series (holding certain CCRAs) by MSP Recovery into VRM MSP. The Company determined, based on analysis of the rights to cash flows from the Series and the related guaranty obligation, that the Company is the primary beneficiary of the Series entities, and therefore should consolidate as of the transaction date. The contribution is considered a common control transaction, as the Company controls and consolidates the Series before and after such contribution. The Company consolidates the Series held within VRM MSP, however does not consolidate VRM MSP itself.

Refer to Note 5, Investment in Equity Method Investees, for additional information on this VRM MSP transaction.

 

Note 10. CLAIMS FINANCING OBLIGATIONS AND NOTES PAYABLE

Based on claims financing obligations and notes payable agreements, as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the present value of amounts owed under these obligations were $584.3 million and $556.3 million, respectively, including capitalized interest. The weighted average interest rate is 14.8% based on the current book value of $584.3 million with rates that range from 0% to 20%. The Company is expected to repay these obligations from cash flows from claim recovery income or potentially for the renegotiated debt through class A common stock issuances.

As of March 31, 2024, the minimum required payments on these agreements are $727.5 million. Certain of these agreements have priority of payment regarding any proceeds until full payment of the balance due is satisfied. The maturity of the commitments range from the date sufficient claims recoveries are received to cover the required return or in some cases by 2031.

Brickell Key Investments

In 2015, the Company entered into a Claims Proceeds Investment Agreement (“CPIA”), as amended, with Brickell Key Investments LP (the “Holder”). Pursuant to the CPIA, as amended, the Company grants to the Holder the right to purchase Class A common shares in the Company (the “Class A Shares”) up to a maximum amount of 2,666,667 (the “Amount”) for a purchase price equal to $6,666.67 ($0.0025 per Class A Share), and is payable in cash. This Warrant (the “Warrant”) will expire at 5:00 p.m. (Eastern Time), on September 30, 2027 and may be exercised in whole or in part by Holder at any time prior to such date. The Holder can only sell a maximum of 15% per month of the Class A Shares obtained through the Warrant. In exchange for the Company issuing the Warrant, the amounts owed to the Holder pursuant to CPIA are amended to equal $80 million. The Holder has the right to receive the $80 million owed through proceeds as outlined in the CPIA, cash paid by the Company or monetization of the Warrant (through the sale of the Warrant or sale of the underlying Class A Shares). If the Holder monetizes the Warrant, the amount owed will be reduced at a measure of $30.00 per Class A Share. In connection with the Amendment and Warrant Agreement, the Holder also executed a Stock Pledge Agreement (the “Pledge Agreement”) with Legacy MSP founders, John H. Ruiz and Frank C. Quesada (the “Founders”). As part of the Pledge Agreement, the Founders agreed to pledge 50 million shares to secure payment of the original principal amount of the CPIA. In addition, the Pledge Agreement provides the right to repurchase the Warrant from the Holder on or before June 30, 2023. The Founders entered into an agreement with the Company where this repurchase right has been assigned to the Company (the “Side Agreement”). As the Company has, at its option, the ability to pay its obligation through cash proceeds or through monetization of the Warrants, the $80.0 million of amounts owed as of March 31, 2024 was included as Claims financing obligation and notes payable on the condensed consolidated balance sheet.

The Founders did not exercise the option to repurchase the Warrants on or before June 30, 2023. The Company recognized the Warrants at fair value which, considering the price of the Company’s common stock was below $30.00 as of March 31, 2024, it was determined to be zero.

Hazel Working Capital Credit Facility and Hazel Purchase Money Loan

On March 29, 2023, the Company’s subsidiary, Subrogation Holdings, LLC, entered into an Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the “Working Capital Credit Facility”) with Hazel Partners Holdings LLC (“HPH”), an affiliate of Hazel, as the lender and administrative agent, which provides for up to $80 million (with a 40% original issue discount), consisting of a Term Loan A commitment to fund up to $30 million in proceeds (in multiple installments), and a Term Loan B Commitment to fund up to $18 million in proceeds (in multiple installments), the funding of each conditioned on certain milestones. The amended terms to the Working Capital Credit Facility were memorialized in the Second Amended and Restated First Lien Credit Agreement dated November 10, 2023.

As of March 31, 2024, the Company had received funding with an aggregate amount of $20.5 million under Term Loan A, which was terminated in 2023. The parties agreed to increase the Term Loan B commitment from $18 million to $27.5 million, after giving

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MSP RECOVERY, INC. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

effect to the original issue discount on the Working Capital Credit Facility, which would be funded in multiple installments and in accordance with the terms of the Working Capital Credit Facility.

During the three months ended March 31, 2024, the Company received funding with an aggregate amount of $4.5 million under Term Loan B. As of March 31, 2024, the Company has additional availability amounting to $14.0 million under Term Loan B.

Amounts borrowed and obligations under the Working Capital Credit Facility are secured by a pledge of proceeds from certain Claims in the Company’s Claims portfolio, with the lien securing the Purchase Money Loan being subordinated and junior to the lien securing the Working Capital Credit Facility. Pursuant to the Second Amended and Restated First Lien Credit Agreement, and in order to secure those additional advances of Term Loan B beginning in January 2024, the following was provided as additional collateral: (i) a pledge of proceeds from certain Claims in the Company’s Claims portfolio, up to $14 million; (ii) a pledge of the equity interests in an Affiliate of Messrs. John Ruiz and Frank Quesada; (iii) a mortgage on real property owned by an Affiliate of Messrs. John Ruiz and Frank Quesada; and (iv) a personal guaranty by Messrs. John Ruiz and Frank Quesada, as primary obligors, guaranteeing those additional advances of Term Loan B beginning in January 2024.

In addition, as discussed in Note 4, Asset Acquisitions, on March 29, 2023 the Company entered into the Purchase Money Loan with Hazel in the amount of $250.0 million.

Loans under the Working Capital Credit Facility accrue interest at a Term Secured Overnight Financing Rate for 12-month interest period, plus an applicable margin of 10% per annum. Accrued interest on the Working Capital Credit Facility is payable in kind and will be capitalized. The Working Capital Credit Facility has a stated maturity date of March 31, 2026, and HPH may extend for up to one year in its sole discretion. The Purchase Money Loan accrues interest at a rate of 20% per annum, payable in kind or in cash at the Company’s discretion. The Purchase Money Loan has a maturity date of March 31, 2026, extendable up to one year in Hazel’s sole discretion.

The Company is permitted to prepay the loans under the Working Capital Credit Facility from time to time without prepayment premium. Prepayment of the Purchase Money Loan will be permitted after the prepayment or repayment of loans under the Working Capital Credit Facility, and such prepayment of the Purchase Money Loan may be subject to prepayment penalty, as applicable.

The Purchase Money Loan and the Working Capital Credit Facility contain certain representations, warranties, and covenants of the Company and its subsidiaries, including restrictions on debt incurrence, liens, investments, affiliate transactions, distributions and dividends, fundamental changes, certain debt prepayments, and Claim settlement.

As discussed in Note 4, Asset Acquisitions, amounts borrowed and obligations under the Purchase Money Loan and the Working Capital Credit Facility are secured by a pledge of proceeds from certain Claims in the Company’s Claims portfolio, with the lien securing the Purchase Money Loan being subordinated and junior to the lien securing the Working Capital Credit Facility. Pursuant to the Purchase Money Loan and the Working Capital Credit Facility, the Company entered into a collateral administrative agreement between the Company and HPH, which sets forth certain arrangements between the Company and HPH in relation to the management of the litigation of certain Claims owned by the Company, the proceeds of which are due to the Company, and were pledged to Hazel and HPH to secure the Purchase Money Loan and the Working Capital Credit Facility, respectively.

Amended and Restated Nomura Promissory Note

On April 12, 2023, the Company amended and restated the promissory note originally issued on May 27, 2022 (the “First Amended and Restated Nomura Note”), increasing the principal amount to approximately $26.3 million, increasing the interest rate from 8.0% to 16% per annum, and extending the maturity date of the promissory note to September 30, 2024. On November 13, 2023, the Company amended and restated the First Amended and Restated Nomura Note (the “Second Amended and Restated Nomura Note”) to (a) increase the principal amount to approximately $28.9 million, (b) extend the maturity date to December 31, 2024, and (c) permit the Company to use the proceeds of an at-the-market offering to repay indebtedness incurred by the Company for which the proceeds are used for operating expenses, subject to certain enumerated restrictions. On March 26, 2024, the Company amended and restated the Second Amended and Restated Nomura Note (the “Third Amended and Restated Nomura Note”) to (a) increase the principal amount to approximately $30.0 million, and (b) extend the maturity date to September 30, 2025. The Third Amended and Restated Nomura Note carries an interest rate of 16% per annum and is payable in kind or in cash, at the Company’s discretion, every 30 calendar days after March 26, 2024. Upon two days prior written notice to Nomura, the Company may prepay all or any portion of the then outstanding principal amount under the promissory note together with all accrued and unpaid interest thereon. The balance of the unsecured promissory note and related interest are included within Claims financing obligations and notes payable in the condensed consolidated balance sheet.

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MSP RECOVERY, INC. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Committed Equity Facility

On November 14, 2023, the Company entered into the Standby Equity Purchase Agreement (“Yorkville SEPA”) with YA II PN, Ltd., a Cayman Island exempted company (“Yorkville”). Pursuant to the Yorkville SEPA, the Company has the right to sell to Yorkville up to $250.0 million of its shares of common stock, subject to certain limitations and conditions set forth therein, from time to time during the term of the Yorkville SEPA. In connection with the Yorkville SEPA, and subject to the conditions set forth therein, Yorkville advanced to the Company, in the form of Convertible Notes, an aggregate principal amount of $15.0 million, resulting in net proceeds to the Company of $14.2 million. For additional information on the Yorkville SEPA and Convertible Notes, refer to Note 1, Description of the Business - Yorkville Purchase Agreement and Yorkville Standby Equity Purchase Agreement.

 

Note 11. WARRANT LIABILITY

When the Company issues warrants, it evaluates the proper balance sheet classification of the warrant to determine whether it should be classified as equity or as a derivative liability on the consolidated balance sheets. In accordance with ASC 815-40, “Derivatives and Hedging-Contracts in the Entity’s Own Equity” (“ASC 815-40”), the Company classifies a warrant as equity so long as it is “indexed to the Company’s equity” and several specific conditions for equity classification are met. A warrant is not considered indexed to the Company’s equity, in general, when it contains certain types of exercise contingencies or adjustments to the exercise price. If a warrant is not indexed to the Company’s own common stock or it has net cash settlement that results in the warrants to be accounted for under ASC 480, “Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity”, or ASC 815-40, it is classified as a derivative liability which is carried on the consolidated balance sheet at fair value with any changes in its fair value recognized currently in the statement of operations.

As of March 31, 2024, the Company had recognized a warrant liability for the following securities which are convertible into, or allow the purchase of, our Class A Common Stock, including: (i) 2,950,157 Public Warrants outstanding, each exercisable to purchase 1/25th of one share of our Class A Common Stock (but only exercisable in lots of 25 to purchase whole shares); (ii) 894,754,824 New Warrants outstanding, each exercisable to purchase 1/25th of one share of our Class A Common Stock (but only exercisable in lots of 25 to purchase whole shares); and (iii) the VRM Warrants, entitling VRM to purchase 48,517,817 shares of Class A Common Stock at a purchase price of $0.0001 per share for a period of two years from issuance, exercisable on a cashless basis.

The warrant liability includes the mark-to-market fair value of the warrants discussed above. The fair value of the warrant liability is derived considering the potential shares issuable for each warrant and using the price of the Company’s Class A Common Stock as of the most recent balance sheet date, which is a quoted price in active markets.

The table below presents a roll-forward of the warrant liability from December 31, 2023 to March 31, 2024:

 

in thousands

 

 

 

Warrant Liability

 

Balance at December 31, 2023

$

(268

)

Issuance of new warrants

 

(84,508

)

Change in fair value of outstanding warrants

 

51,460

 

Balance at March 31, 2024

$

(33,316

)

A summary of activity of the shares resulting from the exercise of warrants during the three months ended March 31, 2024 is as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted Average

 

 

 

# of Shares

 

 

Exercise Price

 

Balance at December 31, 2023

 

 

35,908,200

 

 

$

286.56

 

Issued

 

 

48,517,817

 

 

$

0.0001

 

Exercised

 

 

 

 

$

 

Expired

 

 

 

 

$

 

Balance at March 31, 2024

 

 

84,426,017

 

 

$

121.88

 

Refer to Note 3, Business Combination, for discussion of the terms of the Public Warrants and New Warrants, and to Note 4, Asset Acquisitions, for discussion of the terms of the VRM Warrants.

 

 

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MSP RECOVERY, INC. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Note 12. NONCONTROLLING INTEREST

The non-controlling interest balance primarily represents the Up-C Units of the Company held by the Members. The following table summarizes the ownership of Units in the Company as of March 31, 2024:

 

Common Stock

 

Ownership Percentage

 

Ownership of Class A Common Stock

 

15,636,062

 

 

11.2

%

Ownership of Class V Common Stock

 

124,067,498

 

 

88.8

%

Balance at end of period

 

139,703,560

 

 

100.0

%

The non-controlling interest holders have the right to exchange Up-C Units, at the Company’s option, for (i) cash or (ii) one share of Class A Common Stock, subject to the provisions set forth in the LLC Agreement. As such, future exchanges of Up-C Units by non-controlling interest holders will result in a change in ownership and reduce or increase the amount recorded as non-controlling interest and increase or decrease additional paid-in-capital or retained earnings when the Company has positive or negative net assets, respectively. As of March 31, 2024, 2.7 million Up-C Units have been exchanged into shares of Class A Common Stock.

In addition to the non-controlling interest related to Up-C Units, the Company also has non-controlling interests related to the Series as noted in Note 9, Variable Interest Entities, and MAO-MSO Recovery LLC Series FHCP (“FHCP”), which is a non-wholly owned subsidiary of MSP Recovery, LLC. In accordance with FHCP’s operating agreement, the noncontrolling member is entitled to a preferred return of 20% per annum (the “Preferred Return”). Once the Preferred Return has been met, the noncontrolling member is entitled to 80% of Claims recoveries by FHCP. The controlling member is allocated 100% of the costs of FHCP. Since the Preferred Return exceeds the total members’ equity of FHCP as of both March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the non-controlling interest also includes $4.3 million representing the entire members’ equity of FHCP.

 

Note 13. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

The Company is subject to certain legal proceedings, claims, investigations, and administrative proceedings in the ordinary course of its business. The Company records a provision for a liability when it is both probable that the liability has been incurred and the amount of the liability can be reasonably estimated. These provisions, if any, are reviewed and adjusted to reflect the impacts of negotiations, settlements, rulings, advice of legal counsel and other information and events pertaining to a particular case. Depending on the nature and timing of any such proceedings that may arise, an unfavorable resolution of a matter could materially affect the Company’s future results of operations, cash flows or financial position in a particular period.

The Company pursues claims recoveries through settlement, arbitration and legal proceedings. The accounting policy for these activities is discussed under Claims recovery income in Note 2, Basis of Presentation And Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, in our 2023 Form 10-K.

A significant majority of the Company’s expected recoveries arise from Claims brought pursuant to the private cause of action under the Medicare Secondary Payer Act (“MSP Act”). This law allows the Company to pursue recoveries against primary payers for reimbursement of medical expenses that the Company’s Assignors paid for when primary payers (i.e., liability insurers) were responsible for payment. On May 16, 2023, the Repair Abuses of MSP Payments Act (the “RAMP Act”) was introduced in the U.S. Senate and the U.S. House of Representatives, respectively, seeking to amend the private cause of action under the Medicare Secondary Payer Act, by striking “primary plan” and inserting “group health plan” into the existing text. As there is no indication that the RAMP Act is intended to be enacted retroactively, it should not have any effect on the recoverability of historical claims. To the extent that the Company has recovery rights in claims that have not yet been sought, or to the extent that the Company is assigned additional claims that may otherwise have been entitled to recoveries under the MSP Act, the passing of the RAMP Act could impact the Company’s ability to pursue recoveries on those prospective claims.

Investigations

As previously disclosed, on August 11, 2022, the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) initiated an investigation of the Company, and requested documents relating to, among other matters, the business combination transaction with Lionheart Acquisition Corporation II consummated on May 23, 2022, certain historical and projected financial results, investor agreements, and data analytic platforms and algorithms. The Company received a subpoena dated March 1, 2023 from the SEC regarding the aforementioned subject matter, and subsequently received a subpoena on May 10, 2023, in connection with the investigation relating to, among other matters, the Company’s projections and the accounting and valuation of certain assets that were the basis for the Company’s determination that its quarterly financial statements for the periods ended June 30, 2022 and September 30, 2022 require restatements and should no longer be relied upon, as disclosed in the Company’s Form 8-K on April 14, 2023. On August 16, 2023, the Company received an additional subpoena from the SEC regarding certain funding sources of the Company prior to the Business Combination, various statements and disclosures by the Company in connection with, and following, the Business Combination, certain historical and

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MSP RECOVERY, INC. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

projected financial results, and data analytic platforms and algorithms used to identify potential recoveries. The Company intends to fully cooperate with the SEC in responding to the subpoenas.

In addition, on March 10, 2023, the Company received a subpoena from the U.S. Attorney’s Office in connection with a grand jury investigation in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida requesting certain information concerning the Company, which subpoena requests documents relating to, among other matters, the Company’s proprietary algorithms and other software used to identify potentially recoverable claims, the drop in the price of the Company’s common stock following the Business Combination, and certain marketing materials and investment agreements presented to potential investors. To the best of the Company’s knowledge, the Department of Justice has not issued any target letters to anyone associated with the Company as a result of this investigation. (The United States Attorney’s Manual states that a “target” is a person as to whom the prosecutor or the grand jury has substantial evidence linking him or her to the commission of a crime and who, in the judgment of the prosecutor, is a putative defendant.)

The Company has cooperated, and will continue to cooperate, fully with these inquiries. On April 16, 2023, a special committee of the Board of Directors was formed, which along with external advisors retained thereby, reviewed matters related to the preparation and filing of the 2022 Annual Report on Form 10-K and the subject matter of information requests related to the foregoing subpoenas received prior to June 2023. Based on that review, and the nature of the documents requested in the subsequent subpoena, the Company believes that the investigations will be resolved without any material developments; however, there can be no assurance as to the outcome or future direction thereof.

Cano Health, LLC

On August 10, 2023, MSP Recovery sued Cano Health, LLC (“Cano”) in the Circuit Court of the Eleventh Judicial Circuit in and for Miami-Dade County, Florida for declaratory relief and anticipatory breach of the CCRA, Purchase Agreement, and a Service Agreement (collectively, the “Cano Agreements”) between the parties. On the same day, Cano sued the Company in the same court, alleging fraud in the inducement, breach of contract, tortious interference, and unjust enrichment relating to the Cano Agreements. The Company has outstanding a $5.0 million receivable from Cano; however, due to Cano’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the June 30, 2023 period, which includes a substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern, and subsequent Chapter 11 bankruptcy filing on or about February 5, 2024, the Company established a reserve for the balance due under such receivable during 2023. These matters were automatically stayed as a result of Cano’s bankruptcy filing.

On January 4, 2024, Cano sued Simply Healthcare Plans, Inc. (“Simply”) and the Company and affiliated entities seeking a declaratory judgment to determine whether the Cano Purchase Agreement should be rescinded, and whether Cano or the Company have standing to recover on claims assigned to the Company against Simply under the Cano Purchase Agreement. Cano also seeks damages from Simply relating to the claims assigned to the Company under the Cano Purchase Agreement. The Company intends to vigorously assert its position in all Cano related litigation.

 

Note 14. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

The Company has no assets that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023. There were no assets or liabilities measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis during the three months ended March 31, 2024. Liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2024, are summarized as follows:

in thousands

 

 

Level

 

March 31, 2024

 

 

December 31, 2023

 

Derivative liability – fair value of beneficial conversion feature

 

 

3

 

$

 

190

 

 

$

 

37

 

Warrant liability

 

 

2

 

 

 

33,316

 

 

 

 

268

 

Total

 

 

 

 

$

 

33,506

 

 

$

 

305

 

The following table details the roll-forward of the Level 3 liabilities during the year ended March 31, 2024:

in thousands

 

Derivative liability

 

Balance at December 31, 2023

 

$

 

(37

)

Change in fair value of derivative liability and warrant liability

 

 

 

(153

)

Balance at March 31, 2024

 

$

 

(190

)

 

 

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MSP RECOVERY, INC. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

As of March 31, 2024, the beneficial conversion feature within the Yorkville SEPA is treated as an embedded derivative liability and changes in the fair value were recognized in the change in fair value of warrant and derivative liabilities in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. The embedded derivative liability is valued at each of the reporting period; the following table details the significant market-based inputs:

in thousands

 

March 31, 2024

 

 

December 31, 2023

 

Price of Common Stock

 

$

 

0.685

 

 

$

 

2.27

 

Volatility

 

 

 

35

%

 

 

 

40

%

Market Risk Spread

 

 

 

11.69

%

 

 

 

12.37

%

Expected Term (in years)

 

 

 

1.50

 

 

 

 

1.25

 

 

Note 15. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

Loans from related parties

The Company has an unsecured promissory note in an aggregate principal amount of $112.8 million (the “Promissory Note”) to John H. Ruiz and Frank C. Quesada, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and director and Chief Legal Officer and director, respectively (collectively, the “MSP Principals”), in exchange for the MSP Principals agreeing to provide cash to pay transaction costs related to the Merger, pay down affiliate payable balances, and provide operating cash to the Company. In addition to the amounts in the Promissory Note, at the merger date with LCAP, the MSP Principals contributed $13.0 million through funds that had been loaned to VRM MSP to cover related service fees. The Promissory Note as well as the amount contributed at the merger date bear interest at an annual rate of 4%, payable in kind, and will mature on June 16, 2026, the four-year anniversary of the issuance. The Promissory Note is payable by the Company at any time, without prepayment penalties, fees, or other expenses. During both the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, the Company recorded $1.3 million of interest expense related to the Promissory Note.

 

A portion of the proceeds under the Promissory Note in an amount equal to $36.5 million was advanced to the Law Firm, an affiliate of certain Members, for certain operating expenses pursuant to a legal services agreement. This amount is reflected in prepaid expenses and other current assets within the condensed consolidated balance sheets and had a balance of $4.7 million and $7.7 million as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively. The advances of Law Firm expenses are reflected in Professional fees – legal within the condensed consolidated statement of operations. The advances are expensed as incurred, as the Company does not have recourse to any amounts incurred should Law Firm fail to secure recoveries, although it does have recourse to any amounts advanced that have not been incurred as an expense.

Under the legal services agreement, Company shall advance certain of Law Firm’s monthly expenses, including payroll and overhead; however, should Law Firm earn fees under the legal service agreements (the “Existing LSAs”) noted below, net of pre-existing obligations including payments to co-counsel sufficient to cover its monthly expenses, Company is entitled to reimbursement of the advance of said monthly expenses. Further, to the extent that Law Firm earns a surplus of fees in excess of its monthly expenses, said surplus shall be used to reimburse past amounts of Law Firm’s monthly expenses that Company advanced. For the three months ended March 31, 2024, approximately $3.0 million of the $36.5 million advanced by the Company to the Law Firm has been incurred for expenses pursuant to the legal services agreement.

Legal Services – Law Firm

Certain Company entities have previously entered into the Existing LSAs with the Law Firm, an affiliate of certain Members, for the recovery of Claims. Pursuant to the terms of the Existing LSAs, the Law Firm provides the Company with investigation, case management, research and legal services in the pursuit of recovery of Claims in exchange for a portion of the recovered proceeds relating to such Claims. The Existing LSAs also provide that the Law Firm serves as lead counsel or co-lead counsel for any litigation relating to such Claims. As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, there was no amount due, as amounts paid through the prepaid noted above had covered amounts of existing LSAs due to the Law Firm for Claim recoveries. For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, $3.0 million and $4.2 million, respectively, was included in Professional fees – legal, for expenses related to the Law Firm in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. The amounts are related to the payment of Law Firm expenses as noted above.

In addition, during fiscal year 2023, the Company issued an unsecured promissory note in an aggregate principal amount of $4.95 million to the Law Firm, to provide general operational funding (the “Law Firm Loan”). The aggregate unpaid principal amount of this promissory note is due 24 months from the date of the most recent advance from the Second Amended and Restated First Lien Credit Agreement is made. As of March 31, 2024, this promissory note is due on January 15, 2026. This promissory note does not carry interest and is payable by the Company at any time, without prepayment penalties, fees, or other expenses. On March 4, 2024, the Board authorized the partial repayment of the Law Firm Loan in the amount of $0.4 million, which funds were to be used for the express purpose of paying property taxes on real property owned and pledged by the MSP Principals to HPH as collateral in connection with the Working Capital Credit Facility.

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MSP RECOVERY, INC. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2024, $39.2 thousand, respectively, were included in cost of Claims recoveries for expenses related to the Law Firm in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. For the three months ended March 31, 2023, no amounts of cost of Claims recoveries for expenses related to the Law Firm were included in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

The Law Firm may also collect and/or hold cash on behalf of the Company in the ordinary course of business. As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, $0.9 million and $0.8 million, respectively, was due from the Law Firm and included in the condensed consolidated balance sheets in Affiliate Receivable. In addition, the Company rents office space from the Law Firm as discussed in Note 8, Leases.

MSP Recovery Aviation, LLC

The Company may make payments related to operational expenses on behalf of its affiliate, MSP Recovery Aviation, LLC (“MSP Aviation”). The Company has made payments in the periods of the financial statements only related to specifically billed flights. As of both March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, $0.2 million was due from MSP Aviation and included in the condensed consolidated balance sheets in Affiliate Receivable. For the three months ended March 31, 2024, $45.1 thousand was included in General and Administrative expenses related to MSP Aviation in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. For the three months ended March 31, 2023, there were no expenses related to MSP Aviation included in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

Funds held for other entities

The Company may collect and/or hold cash on behalf of its affiliates in the ordinary course of business. As of both March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, $19.8 million was due to affiliates of the Company and included in the condensed consolidated balance sheets in Affiliate Payable. These amounts were primarily due to Series MRCS, and will be repaid either through excess cash flows from operations or other financing. The Company also has a note payable with Series MRCS, which as of both March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the balance was $0.5 million and included in the condensed consolidated balance sheets in Claims financing obligation and notes payable.

As of both March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, there were additional receivables from other affiliates of $0.2 million. These were included in the condensed consolidated balance sheets in Affiliate Receivable.

VRM MSP

The Company concluded that VRM MSP is a related party due to ownership interests in the entity held by Series MRCS. For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, the Company recorded $73.4 million and $37.1 million, respectively, for interest expense related to the VRM Full Return and Virage MTA Amendment.

Virage

As discussed in Note 4, Asset Acquisitions, the Initial Virage Warrant, as amended, was issued effective January 1, 2024 and entitles Virage to purchase 28,298,329 shares of Class A Common Stock, with an expiration date of January 1, 2026. In addition, Virage Warrants were issued for February 2024 entitling Virage to purchase 8,263,494 shares and March 2024 entitling Virage to purchase 11,955,994 shares, which are recorded as warrant liability in the condensed consolidated balance sheet. Further, on April 12, 2024 a Monthly Virage Warrant was issued for April 2024 entitling Virage to purchase 13,556,181 shares to settle interest payable due to Virage as of March 31, 2024, and on May 15, 2024, the Company issued an additional Monthly Virage Warrant for May 2024 entitling Virage to purchase 9,758,569 shares. Until our obligations to Virage are paid in full, the Company has the option every month to continue to pay Virage in one or a combination of: (a) cash, in an amount equal to 1.0% of each calendar month-end balance (which month-end balance shall be increased daily up to 20% per annum based on a formula set forth in the Virage MTA Amendment) of the amount owing to Virage as of each preceding calendar month end and/or (b) the issuance of subsequent Monthly Virage Warrants.

On April 1, 2024, the Company entered into the Third Virage MTA Amendment which: (i) extended the VRM Full Return payment due date to September 30, 2025, subject to acceleration upon certain triggering events, including the receipt of a going concern opinion by the Company’s independent auditor; (ii) the Company agreed that, after the Convertible Notes are fully satisfied, 25% of the Company’s portion of any net proceeds from the Yorkville SEPA would be used to pay down the VRM Full Return; and (iii) commence the sale of certain reserved shares of Messrs. John H. Ruiz and Frank C. Quesada, and the delivery of the resulting net cash proceeds thereof to VRM.

Pursuant to a purchase agreement dated March 4, 2024, and as disclosed on a Form 4 dated March 4, 2024 filed by Mr. John Ruiz, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, the Company issued 438,596 unregistered shares of Class A Common Stock to Virage in satisfaction of certain obligations of the Company, which shares were subsequently purchased from Virage by Mr. Ruiz.

Working Capital Credit Facility Collateral

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Table of Contents

MSP RECOVERY, INC. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Pursuant to the Second Amended and Restated First Lien Credit Agreement, and in order to secure those additional advances of Term Loan B beginning in January 2024, the Company approved for Messrs. John Ruiz and Frank Quesada to provide, as additional collateral, the following: (i) a pledge of the equity interests in an Affiliate of Messrs. John Ruiz and Frank Quesada; (ii) a mortgage on real property owned by an Affiliate of Messrs. John Ruiz and Frank Quesada, and (iii) a personal guaranty by Messrs. John Ruiz and Frank Quesada, as primary obligors, guaranteeing those additional advances of Term Loan B beginning in January 2024. On December 22, 2023, our Board approved the Company's payment of certain costs and fees (including legal fees) on behalf of John H. Ruiz and Frank C. Quesada, associated with the mortgage granted in connection with said guaranty, totaling $0.1 million. On March 4, 2024, the Board authorized the partial repayment of the Law Firm Loan in the amount of $0.4 million, which funds were to be used for the express purpose of paying property taxes on real property owned and pledged by the MSP Principals to HPH as collateral in connection with the Working Capital Credit Facility.

 

Note 16. NET LOSS PER COMMON SHARE

Basic earnings per share of Class A Common Stock is computed by dividing net income attributable to common shareholders by the weighted-average number of shares of Class A Common Stock outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share of Class A Common Stock is computed by dividing net income attributable to common shareholders adjusted for the assumed exchange of all potentially dilutive securities, by the weighted-average number of shares of Class A Common Stock outstanding adjusted to give effect to potentially dilutive elements. Diluted loss per share for all periods presented is the same as basic loss per share as the inclusion of the potentially issuable shares would be anti-dilutive.

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share of Class A Common Stock:

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

(In thousands except shares and per share amounts)

2024

 

 

2023

 

Numerator - basic and diluted:

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

$

(176,600

)

 

$

(174,146

)

Less: Net loss attributable to the non-controlling interests

 

157,718

 

 

 

169,230

 

Net loss attributable to MSP Recovery, Inc.

$

(18,882

)

 

$

(4,916

)

 

 

 

 

 

Denominator – basic and diluted:

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average shares of Class A common stock outstanding – basic

 

15,013,881

 

 

 

3,544,381

 

Weighted-average shares of Class A common stock outstanding – dilutive

 

15,013,881

 

 

 

3,544,381

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per share of Class A common stock – basic

$

(1.26

)

 

$

(1.39

)

Earnings per share of Class A common stock – diluted

$

(1.26

)

 

$

(1.39

)

Shares of the Company’s Class V Common Stock do not participate in the earnings or losses of the Company and are therefore not participating securities. As such, separate presentation of basic and diluted earnings per share of Class V Common Stock under the two-class method has not been presented.

In the calculation for earnings per share for the three months ended March 31, 2024, the Company excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share 124,067,498 shares of Class V Common Stock, 2,950,157 Public Warrants outstanding, 2,666,667 shares issuable upon the exercise of the CPIA Warrant, 894,754,824 New Warrants outstanding, and 48,517,817 VRM Warrants outstanding because their effect would have been anti-dilutive.

In the calculation for earnings per share for the three months ended March 31, 2023, the Company excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share 125,124,860 shares of Class V Common Stock, 3,215,505 Public Warrants outstanding, 2,666,667 CPIA Warrants, and 1,028,046,326 shares of New Warrants outstanding because their effect would have been anti-dilutive.

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

MSP RECOVERY, INC. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Note 17. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

Comprehensive Settlement with Group of Affiliated Property and Casualty Insurers

In addition, on April 18, 2024, the Company reached a comprehensive settlement with a separate group of affiliated property and casualty insurers (the “Additional P&C Insurers”). The terms of the confidential settlement agreement include:

The Additional P&C Insurers’ agreement to provide historical data for claimants and also assist the Company in reconciling its relevant current and future assigned Medicare claims;
The carrier will assign to the Company all rights to collect additional sums from plaintiff attorneys and medical providers;
A 10-year agreement to resolve cooperatively, or through binding mediation, relevant Medicare claims (liens) that the Company acquires in the future and non-Medicare claims that it owns today; and
The Additional P&C Insurers’ agreement that they may be primary payers for any unreimbursed Medicare lien that the Company identifies from data sharing, and the property and casualty insurer’s agreement to assign all rights to collect against other third parties that either failed to pay liens or collected twice from Medicare funds and the Additional P&C Insurers.

 

30


 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Unless the context requires otherwise or unless otherwise noted, all references in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (“Quarterly Report”) to “LifeWallet,” the “Company,” “we,” “us,” or “our” are to MSP Recovery, Inc., d/b/a LifeWallet, a Delaware corporation. The following discussion and analysis provides information that the Company’s management believes is relevant to an assessment and understanding of the Company’s condensed consolidated results of operations and financial condition. The discussion should be read together with our 2023 Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year-ended December 31, 2023 and our condensed consolidated financial statements and the related notes and other information included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report. This discussion may contain forward-looking statements based upon the Company’s current expectations, estimates, and projections that involve risks and uncertainties. Actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements due to, among other considerations, the matters discussed under “Risk Factors” and “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements."

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

Certain of the statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are forward-looking and constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Exchange Act. Forward-looking statements may generally be identified by the use of words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “could,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “predict,” “may,” “should,” and “will” or, in each case, their negative, or other variations or comparable terminology. These forward-looking statements include all matters that are not historical facts, including, for example, guidance for portfolio recoverability. By their nature, forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties because they relate to events and depend on circumstances that may or may not occur in the future. As a result, these statements are not guarantees of future performance or results and actual events may differ materially from those expressed in or suggested by the forward-looking statements. Although we believe that our expectations are based on reasonable assumptions within the bounds of our knowledge of our industry, business, and operations, we cannot guarantee that actual results will not differ materially from our expectations. In evaluating such forward-looking statements, you should specifically consider various factors, including the risks outlined under “Risk Factors.” Any forward-looking statement made by the Company herein speaks only as of the date made. The discussion of risks and uncertainties set forth in this Form 10-Q is not necessarily a complete or exhaustive list of all risks facing the Company at any particular point in time. New risks and uncertainties come up from time to time, and it is not possible for management to predict or identify all such events or to assess either the impact of all such risk factors on our business or the extent to which any individual risk factor, combination of factors, or new or altered factors, may cause results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement. The Company has no obligation, and does not intend, to update any forward-looking statements after the date hereof for any reason, even if new information becomes available in the future, except as required by federal securities laws. Factors that could cause these differences include, but are not limited to, the Company’s ability to capitalize on its assignment agreements and recover monies that were paid by the assignors; the inherent uncertainty surrounding settlement negotiations and/or litigation, including with respect to both the amount and timing of any such results; the validity of the assignments of Claims to the Company; the ability to successfully expand the scope of our Claims or obtain new data and Claims from the Company’s existing assignor base or otherwise; the Company’s ability to innovate and develop new solutions, and whether those solutions will be adopted by the Company’s existing and potential assignors; negative publicity concerning healthcare data analytics and payment accuracy; compliance with the listing standards of The Nasdaq Capital Market; and those other factors listed under “Risk Factors” below and elsewhere in this Form 10-Q and other reports filed by the Company with the SEC.

Our Business

We are a leading healthcare recovery and data analytics company. We focus on the Medicare, Medicaid, and commercial insurance spaces. We are disrupting the antiquated healthcare reimbursement system, using data and analytics to identify and recover improper payments made by Medicare, Medicaid, and commercial health insurers.

Medicare and Medicaid are payers of last resort. Too often, they end up being the first and only payers, because the responsible payer is not identified or billed. As Medicare and Medicaid pay a far lower rate than what other insurers are often billed, this costs the healthcare system (and the supporting taxpayers) tens of billions of dollars a year in improper billing and lost recoveries. By discovering, quantifying, and settling the billed-to-paid gap on a large-scale basis, the Company is positioned to generate meaningful annual recovery revenue at high profit margins.

Our access to large volumes of data, sophisticated data analytics, and a leading technology platform provide a unique opportunity to discover and recover on Claims. We have developed Algorithms to identify waste, fraud, and abuse in the Medicare, Medicaid, and commercial health insurance segments. Our team of experienced data scientists and medical professionals analyze historical medical Claims data to identify recoverable opportunities. Once potential recoveries are reviewed by our team, they are aggregated and pursued. Through statutory law and case law, we believe we have an established basis for future recoveries.

We differ from our competitors as we receive our recovery rights through irrevocable assignments of Claims. Rather than provide services under a third-party vendor services contract, we receive the rights to certain recovery proceeds from our Assignors. As assignees, we have control over the direction of the litigation and take on a risk that our competitors do not. We, or our affiliated entities, are the plaintiff in any action filed and have control over the direction of the lawsuit. By receiving Claims through assignment, we can

31


 

pursue additional recoveries under numerous legal theories that our competitors cannot. Although we typically own assigned Claims, for a significant portion of assigned Claims, our ability to pursue recoveries depends on our ongoing access to data through data access rights granted to us. In these cases, termination of such data access would substantially impair our ability to generate recoveries on those Claims.

Our current Claims portfolio has scaled significantly. We are entitled to a portion of any recovery rights associated with approximately $1,545 billion in Billed Amount (and approximately $370 billion in Paid Amount), which contains approximately $86.6 billion in Paid Value of Potentially Recoverable Claims, as of March 31, 2024. We believe it would take any competitor significant time to amass the portfolio of Claims rights currently owned by us due to, among things, the volume of our Claims data retained and strength of our data analytics, which we believe are key to attracting new clients that are willing to assign Claims to us.

Healthcare Industry

Our business is directly related to the healthcare industry and is affected by healthcare spending and complexity in the healthcare industry. We estimate that our total potentially serviceable market is over $150 billion annually. Our primary focus is on the Medicare and Medicaid market segments. Medicare is the second largest government program, with annual expenditures during 2022 of approximately $944 billion for approximately 65.7 million enrollees. Medicaid has a combined estimated annual expenditure during 2022 of approximately $805 billion for approximately 88.4 million enrollees. Of the billions spent yearly by Medicare on medical expenses for its beneficiaries, we estimate that at least 10% of this was improperly paid by private Medicare plans.

Our potentially serviceable market is impacted by the expansion or contraction of healthcare coverage and spending, which directly affects the number of Claims available. The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (“CMS”) has projected that health spending will continue to grow at an average rate of 5.4% a year between 2022 and 2031. We also believe reimbursement models may become more complex as healthcare payers accommodate new markets and lines of business and as advancements in medical care increase the number of testing and treatment options available. As reimbursement models grow more complex and healthcare coverage increases, the complexity and number of Claims may also increase, which could impact the demand for our solutions. Such changes could have a further impact on our results of operations.

As of March 31, 2024, approximately 95.6% of our expected recoveries arise from Claims being brought under the Medicare Secondary Payer Act. While we believe the MSP Act has bipartisan support, changes to the laws on which we base our recoveries, particularly the MSP Act, can adversely affect our business. Our ability to generate future revenue is therefore significantly dependent on factors outside our control.

Our Business Model

Recovery Model

In our current business model, we receive irrevocable assignments of health Claim recovery rights through CCRAs from a variety of sources including, but not limited to, MAOs, MSOs, HMOs, hospitals, and other at-risk entities. Prior to executing a CCRA, we utilize our proprietary internal data analytics platform to review the set of Claims and identify Claims with possible recovery paths.

Once Claims have been assigned, our data analysts use our proprietary Algorithms to identify potential recoveries. Results are then quality checked by our internal medical team. We contract with the Law Firm and various other law firms across the country to pursue recoveries through the legal system. Where appropriate, Law Firm reaches out to the liable parties to demand payment of amounts that are owed. Prior to litigation, there may be an incentive for the primary insurer to settle. If legal action is required to pursue recovery from primary insurers, we seek “double damages” under the MSP Act.

We engage with each Assignor independently. We are typically entitled to 100% of recoveries pursuant to our CCRA. From those recoveries, we are typically contractually obligated to pay 50% of Net Proceeds to the Assignor. In certain cases, we have purchased the Assignor’s rights to recovery proceeds in advance of any collection; therefore, entitling the Company to retain 100% of the Net Proceeds. The “Net Proceeds” of any assigned Claim is defined as the gross amount recovered on an assigned Claim, minus any costs directly traceable to such assigned Claim(s) for which recovery was made. In some instances, we may purchase outright an Assignor’s recovery rights; in such instances, we are entitled to the entire recovery. In some cases, we have entered into arrangements to transfer CCRAs or rights to proceeds from CCRAs to other parties. Such sales include variable consideration in the form of payments that will be made only upon achievement of certain recoveries or based on a percentage of actual recoveries. We have not yet generated substantial revenue from the recovery model.

Chase to Pay

Over time, the Company believes that a large part of the flaws that exist in the marketplace can be significantly improved by the solutions that can be achieved by our “Chase to Pay” model. Chase to Pay is a near real-time analytics driven platform that identifies the proper primary insurer at the point of care or close enough in proximity for payers to determine primary and secondary payers. Chase to Pay is intended to plug into near real-time medical utilization platforms used by providers at the points of care. Rather than allow an MAO to make a wrongful payment whereby the payer needs to chase down the primary payer and collect a reimbursement for the MAO, Chase to Pay is intended to prevent the MAO from making a wrongful payment and ensure that the correct payer pays in the first instance. Furthermore, the primary payer typically will make payments at a higher multiple than the MAO would have paid, and MSP

32


 

will be entitled to receive its portion of the recovery proceeds on the amounts paid by the primary payer. Chase to Pay is powered, in part, by Palantir Technologies’ Foundry platform utilizing LifeWallet’s industry knowledge.

As Chase to Pay was designed to work at or around the point of care, it is expected to substantially decrease legal costs of recovery. As a result, when implemented, Chase to Pay is expected to improve the net recovery margin as the recovery multiple grows and variable legal costs to recover decline. As a result of having already received data from insurance carriers we've settled with for historical claims, and based on the agreement with said carriers to receive data daily therefrom for one year from the date of the settlement, the Chase to Pay model can be utilized to the extent that we can match the insurance carrier with Claims data received from our Assignors.

Although we have not yet generated revenue from this model, some customers send data to LifeWallet on a monthly or quarterly basis. The Company is working to increase the number of customers that provide daily data outputs. We are currently in the process of determining the pricing and form of these arrangements. As part of our “Chase to Pay” model, we launched LifeWallet in January 2022, a platform powered by our sophisticated data analytics, designed to locate and organize users’ medical records, facilitating efficient access to enable informed decision-making and improved patient care. See the section entitled The LifeWallet Ecosystem for more information about Chase to Pay.

Claims Recovery Services

We may also recognize Claims recovery service revenue from our services to customers to assist those entities with the pursuit of Claims recovery rights. We provide services to other parties to identify recoverable Claims and provide data matching and legal services. Under our Claims recovery services model, we do not own the rights to Claims but provide our services for a fee based on budgeted expenses for the month with an adjustment for the variance between budget and actual expense from the prior month.

We were a party to that certain Recovery Services Agreement (the “MSP RH Series 01 Recovery Services Agreement”), dated as of October 23, 2020, by and between MSP Recovery Holdings Series 01, LLC (“MSP RH Series 01”) and MSP Recovery, pursuant to which MSP Recovery provided services including identifying, processing, prosecuting, and recovering money for certain Claims of MSP RH Series 01. On March 29, 2023, this service fee agreement was terminated in connection with the series agreements discussed in further detail in the Hazel Transactions section of Note 4, Asset Acquisitions.

The fees received pursuant to this agreement are related to expenses incurred and are not tied to the Billed Amount or potential recovery amounts. Although we believe our future business to be highly tied to the recovery model and Chase to Pay, we will continue to enter into these contracts as the market dictates.

Recent Updates

Comprehensive Settlement with 28 Affiliated Property and Casualty Insurers

On March 1, 2024, the Company reached a comprehensive settlement with 28 affiliated property and casualty insurers (the “P&C Insurers”). The terms of the confidential settlement agreement include:

The P&C Insurers’ agreement to provide ten years of historical data (identifying all claims processed from January 1, 2014, through the present) and data sharing of future claims, extending out for one year, assisting LifeWallet in reconciling its current and future assigned Medicare claims;
The P&C Insurers’ Implementation of LifeWallet’s coordination of benefits clearinghouse solution;
A 5-year agreement to resolve cooperatively, or through binding mediation, relevant Medicare claims (liens) that LifeWallet owns today and in the future;
The P&C Insurers’ agreement that they are primary payers for any unreimbursed Medicare lien that LifeWallet identifies from data sharing, and the P&C Insurers’ agreement to assign all rights to collect against other third parties that either failed to pay liens or collected twice from Medicare funds and the P&C Insurers; and
A cash payment from the P&C Insurers to LifeWallet to settle existing historical claims (amount subject to confidentiality).

The revenue generated from this settlement is included within the Claims recovery income in the condensed consolidated statement of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2024.

Comprehensive Settlement with Group of Affiliated Property and Casualty Insurers

In addition, on April 18, 2024, the Company reached a comprehensive settlement with a separate group of affiliated property and casualty insurers (the “Additional P&C Insurers”). The terms of the confidential settlement agreement include:

The Additional P&C Insurers’ agreement to provide historical data for claimants and also assist the Company in reconciling its relevant current and future assigned Medicare claims;
The carrier will assign to the Company all rights to collect additional sums from plaintiff attorneys and medical providers;
A 10-year agreement to resolve cooperatively, or through binding mediation, relevant Medicare claims (liens) that the Company acquires in the future and non-Medicare claims that it owns today; and

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The Additional P&C Insurers’ agreement that they may be primary payers for any unreimbursed Medicare lien that the Company identifies from data sharing, and the property and casualty insurer’s agreement to assign all rights to collect against other third parties that either failed to pay liens or collected twice from Medicare funds and the Additional P&C Insurers.

Amendments to Claims Financing Obligations

During the three months ended March 31, 2024 and prior to the filing of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, the Company entered into amendments to the Nomura Note, the convertible notes issued under the Yorkville SEPA, and the Virage MTA. Refer to Liquidity and Capital Resources section below.

Key Factors Affecting Our Results

Our Claims Portfolio

We differ from some of our competitors because we obtain our recovery rights through irrevocable assignments. When we are assigned these rights, we take on the risk that such Claims may not be recoverable. We are entitled to pursue a portion of any recovery rights associated with approximately $1,545 billion in Billed Amount (and approximately $370 billion in Paid Amount), which contained approximately $86.6 billion in Paid Value of Potentially Recoverable Claims, as of March 31, 2024. We are typically entitled to 100% of recovery rights pursuant to our CCRAs, but contractually obligated to pay 50% of gross recoveries to the Assignor. In certain cases, we have purchased from our Assignors the rights to 100% of the recovery. By discovering, quantifying, and settling the gap between Billed Amount and Paid Amount on a large scale, we believe we are positioned to generate substantial annual recovery revenue at high profit margins for our assigned Claims. In litigation, our experienced management and legal teams provide us with a competitive advantage. While our model of being assigned the Claim rights allows us the flexibility to direct the litigation and potentially generate higher margins, we have, on an opportunistic basis, paid the Assignor an upfront purchase price for these rights.

To date, we have not generated substantial revenue from our Claims portfolio, and our business model is dependent of achieving revenue from this model in the future. If we are unable to recover the upfront purchase price from the assigned Claims or the investments we have made in pursuing recoveries, it would have an adverse effect on our profitability and business.

Our potential Claims recovery income in a given period will be impacted by the amount of Claims we review and ultimately pursue. The number of Claims that we review is driven by the Claims we receive through assignment. As we are assigned more Claims, we can review the Claims and identify additional recoveries. To expand our Assignor base and obtain more Claims, we plan to implement new strategies to secure new Assignors. These strategies will include a platform to educate potential Assignors about our company, making strategic business partnerships, potential mergers, as well as other marketing strategies. Our Assignors have grown from 32 in 2015, to 105 in 2018, to 123 in 2019, to 134 in 2020 and over 160 Assignors to date. If we are unable to continue to attract new Assignors to our platform, this could adversely affect future profitability.

In addition to obtaining new Claims, our ability to collect on identified Claims at our estimated multiples is key to our future profitability. Pursuant to the MSP Act, we believe we are entitled to pursue reasonable and customary rates. Under existing statutory and case law, the private cause of action under the MSP Act permits the pursuit of double damages when a primary plan fails to provide for primary payment or appropriate reimbursement. In addition to double damages, federal law provides express authority to pursue statutory interest from primary payers on any amounts owed.

As a result, we may pursue double damages and statutory interest in our MSP Act-related recoveries. We seek to recover these amounts under either the recovery model or the Chase to Pay model. Federal law also expressly provides MAOs with the right to charge providers for the Billed Amount when accident related liability exists. Per the terms of various legal services agreements that MSP Recovery has with the Law Firm, for legal services provided, the Law Firm would receive a percentage of the total Claim recovery which would include double damages and additional penalties. Our ability to pursue double damages may be impacted by the RAMP Act as disclosed in Note 13, Commitments and Contingencies.

Our Claims recovery revenue is typically recognized upon reaching a binding settlement or arbitration with a counterparty or when the legal proceedings, including any appellate process, are resolved. A decrease in the willingness of courts to grant these judgments, a change in the requirements for filing these cases or obtaining these judgments, or a decrease in our ability to collect on these judgments could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and operating results. Of the Claims identified as potentially recoverable, relating to our accident-related cases as of March 31, 2024, approximately 86.8% of claims are already in the recovery process, which are claims where either the recovery process has been initiated, data has been collected and matched, or resolution discussions are in process.

Key Performance Indicators

To evaluate our business, key trends, risks and opportunities, prepare projections, make strategic decisions, and measure our performance, we track several key performance indicators (“KPIs”). As our company has yet to achieve significant revenues and the drivers of expected revenues require significant lead time before revenue can be generated, management utilizes KPIs to assist in tracking progress, and believes such KPIs are useful in evaluating the performance of our business, in addition to our financial results prepared in accordance with GAAP. The KPIs are Total Paid Amount, Paid Value of Potentially Recoverable Claims, Billed Value of Potentially Recoverable Claims, Recovery Multiple, and Penetration Status of Portfolio.

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Total Paid Amount: The term Paid Amount is defined in the Definitions section above. As we continue to expand, we anticipate our revenue growth will be greatly dependent on our ability to increase the total Paid Amount and, correspondingly, the Paid Value of Potentially Recoverable Claims, in our portfolio. The Company’s Paid Amount may increase or decrease over time based on a number of factors, including, but not limited to, receiving new data from existing or new assignors, and changes to our data processing procedures. Management believes this metric is a useful measure to investors and is useful in managing or monitoring company performance because we view an increase in Paid Amount as a positive indicator as it should provide the Company with the ability to increase the Paid Value of Potentially Recoverable Claims. Conversely, a decrease would produce a diminishing expectation of the Paid Value of Potentially Recoverable Claims.

Paid Value of Potentially Recoverable Claims (“PVPRC”): The term PVPRC is defined in the Definitions section above. We analyze our Claims portfolio and identify potentially recoverable Claims using our Algorithms to comb through historical paid Claims data and search for potential recoveries. The Company’s PVPRC may increase or decrease over time based on a number of factors, including, but not limited to, receiving new data from existing or new assignors, changes to our data processing procedures, changes, developments, improvements or the elimination of algorithms that identify potentially recoverable Claims, a decision by management not to litigate certain potentially recoverable Claims, or litigation updates affecting the viability of certain potentially recoverable Claims. PVPRC is a measure of the Paid Amount that has been paid to providers in respect of those potentially recoverable Claims. Management believes this measure provides a useful metric for potential recoveries, but it is not a measure of the actual amount that may be recovered with respect to potentially recoverable Claims, which in turn may be higher or lower based on a variety of factors. As non-compliance with Section 111 reporting requirements is commonplace, responsible reporting entities (RRE) routinely fail to report their responsibility to make primary payments; for this reason, data matching is often required to determine which reporting entity is responsible to reimburse a given potentially recoverable Claim. Our ability to generate future Claims recovery income is largely dependent on our ability to accurately identify potentially recoverable Claims through our data analytics and ultimately recover on these Claims. Management believes this metric is a useful measure to investors and in managing or monitoring company performance because we view an increase in PVPRC as a positive indicator as it should provide the Company with the ability to increase Claims recovery income and otherwise shows growth.

Billed Value of Potentially Recoverable Claims (“BVPRC”): BVPRC represents the cumulative Billed Amount of potentially recoverable Claims. We analyze our Claims portfolio and identify potentially recoverable Claims using Algorithms to comb through historical paid Claims data and search for potential recoveries. The Company’s BVPRC may increase or decrease over time based on a number of factors, including, but not limited to, receiving new data from existing or new assignors, changes to our data processing procedures, changes, developments or the elimination of algorithms that identify potentially recoverable Claims, a decision by management not to litigate certain potentially recoverable Claims, or litigation updates affecting the viability of certain potentially recoverable Claims. For a majority of our Claims, the Company believes it has the ability to recover in excess of the Paid Amount by pursuing the Billed Amount plus interest plus double damages under applicable law. Under existing statutory and case law, the private cause of action under the Medicare Secondary Payer Act permits an award of double damages when a primary plan fails to provide for primary payment or appropriate reimbursement. We believe federal law expressly provides MAOs with the right to charge, or authorize the provider of such services to charge, in accordance with the charges allowed under a law, plan, or primary plan policy. We believe our ability to generate future Claim recovery income is largely dependent on our ability to accurately identify potentially recoverable Claims through our data analytics and ultimately recover on these Claims. Management believes this metric is a useful measure to investors and in managing or monitoring company performance because we view an increase in BVPRC as a positive indicator as it should provide the Company with the ability to increase Claims recovery income and otherwise shows growth.

Recovery Multiple: The vast majority of our recoveries are sought pursuant to the MSP Laws; however, some recoveries are sought under product liability, antitrust, and other various causes of action. For recoveries sought pursuant to the MSP Laws, we generally pursue amounts in excess of the Paid Amount; in other cases, the cause of action will dictate the amount pursued. The Recovery Multiple is the amount of any generated Claims recovery income obtained by the Company in respect to any Claims as compared to the Paid Amount of those Claims (e.g., if a given Claim had a Paid Amount of $100, a $600 recovery would represent a Recovery Multiple of 6x). For these purposes, we record values under the Recovery Multiple once we have recorded Claims recovery income, either through the receipt of cash or recognition of accounts receivable on the Claims. Management believes this metric is useful to investors to manage or monitor the Company’s performance because the Recovery Multiple provides a measure of our ability to recover on Claims recovery rights. A Recovery Multiple above 1x would illustrate the Company’s ability to recover amounts in excess of the Paid Amount. As actual recoveries have been limited to date, this measure has limited utility for historical periods. However, management believes this measure will become more meaningful during the next 12 months and beyond to the extent the Company begins to report actual increases in recoveries during those periods. As of March 31, 2024, the Company has obtained settlements where the Recovery Multiple was or would be in excess of the Paid Amount, and settlements at or below the paid amount. However, these settlements do not provide a large enough sample to be statistically significant and are therefore not shown in the table. As the Recovery Multiple is based on actual recoveries, this measure is not based on the Penetration Status of Portfolio, as described below.

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Penetration Status of Portfolio: Penetration Status of Portfolio provides a measure of the Company’s recovery efforts by taking into account the current stages of recovery of Claims in the portfolio and tying it in with the estimated market share of the related primary payers. The total percentage represents the estimated aggregate market share for the respective primary payers in which the Company is in some stage of recovery. As the Company initiates additional recovery efforts against additional primary payers, the Company expects this number to increase. These stages of recovery include where (1) the recovery process has been initiated, (2) data has been collected and matched, or (3) potential resolution discussions are in process. The Company uses third-party sources to estimate the aggregate market share of those primary payers in the property and casualty auto insurance market with whom the Company is engaged in one of these stages of recovery. Management believes this metric is useful to investors and in managing or monitoring company performance because it provides insight as to the estimated share of the market that is covered by existing recovery efforts. We estimate that cases that are in the potential resolution discussions and/or data matching are closer to generating potential future Claims recovery income.

$ in billions

Three Months Ended March 31, 2024